The Samoyed is a medium-sized herding dog breed with thick, white, double-layered coats. It is a spitz-type dog that takes its name from the Samoyed people of Siberia.
Descended from the Nenets herding Laika, they are domesticated animals that help herd, hunt, protect and pull sleds.
Samoyed dogs are mostly white, and their double-layered coat may have a brown tint that naturally repels dirt.
They are known to be used in expeditions in both the Arctic and Antarctic regions and have a friendly and accommodating nature.
Samoyed dog At a Glance
|WEIGHT: 35-65 lb|
|DATE OF ORIGIN: Ancient times|
|AREA OF ORIGIN: Russia (Siberia)|
|OTHER NAMES: Samoyedskaya|
History Of Samoyed
Legend has it that the Samoyed people and their dogs were driven by other tribes, north and north and north, until they were at the very edge of the world, into a vast land of snow and ice.
They lived as nomads, herding reindeer, helped by their capable dogs, who also pulled sleds and kept them warm at night.
The Samoyed is one of fourteen breeds identified by DNA analysis of the canine genome. They give us a good picture of what some early dogs might have looked like.
In more modern times, the Samoyeds participated in the Arctic and Antarctic explorations of Nansen, Shackleton, Scott, and Amundsen. Britain’s Queen Alexandra, a wife of Edward VII, loved the breed.
And many of his dogs appear today in the pedigrees of English and American Samoyeds.
The American Kennel Club recognized the Samoyed in 1906. Today it ranks 72nd among breeds registered by the AKC.
|Apartment Friendly: 3 Points||Shedding Level: 5 Points||Dog Friendly: 4 Points|
|Child Friendly: 5 Points||Exercise Needs: 4 Points||Territorial: 5 Points|
|Barking Tendencies: 4 Points||Adaptability: 4 Points||Trainability: 3 Points|
|Grooming: 4 Points||Health Issues: 3 Points||Social Needs: 4 Points|
|Energy Level: 3 Points||Affectionate: 5 Points||Watchdog Instincts: 5 Points|
|Cat Friendly: 3 Points||Intelligence: 3 Points||Stranger Friendly: 3 Points|
A Samoyed with a mass of striking white fur is an amazing sight. From the tips of their triangular ears to the ends of their curved, sweeping tails, if they stood still, they could be mistaken for pristine snowdrifts against the Nordic landscape.
Purebred Sams also has equally stunning solid color coats of cream and biscuit, as well as beautiful white and biscuit combinations.
Sams are protected from freezing temperatures by a dense, weather-resistant double coat with a silky underlayer. They are very muscular, ready to spring into action with a push from short, stocky legs.
They are about 2 feet tall and while some males reach 60 pounds, females are as small as 35 pounds. Broad-chested with a halo of thick fur, Sam is as long as he is tall.
These pleasant pooches aren’t called “Smiling Sammy” for nothing. Their short snouts and upturned mouths, lifted at the corners to prevent icicles from forming, create natural, playful expressions.
Dark black or brown almonds have twinkling eyes, and often have a bit of a twitch when really excited.
The friendly and affectionate nature of Samoyeds makes them poor guard dogs; Aggressive periods are rare. The breed is characterized by an alert and happy expression that has earned it the nicknames “Sammy Smile” and “Smiley Dog”.
With their tendency to bark, however, they can be energetic watch dogs, barking whenever someone approaches their territory. Samoyeds are excellent companions, especially for small children or other dogs, and they remain playful into old age.
According to the Samoyed Club of America, when Samoyeds are bored, they can become destructive or start digging. With their sled dog heritage, a Samoyed is not averse to pulling things, and an untrained Samoyed will have no problem pulling its owner on a leash rather than walking along.
A well-bred Samoyed is an intelligent, docile, and loyal dog. He is friendly and affectionate with his family, including children, and thrives on being a part of household activities.
The Samoyed is not a “lone wolf” dog – it enjoys close company with the people it lives with and is mentally and physically unsuited to being alone in a kennel or backyard. Their loyalty and alertness often make good watchdogs.
At heart, the Samoyed is still a hunter. It is likely to chase small animals that it perceives as prey. For his safety, he should always be leashed when he is not at home in his fenced yard.
Temperament is influenced by many factors, including genetics, training, and socialization. Good-natured puppies are curious and playful, ready to approach and be with people.
Choose the middle-of-the-road puppy, not the one who beats up his peers or hides in the corner.
Always meet at least one of the parents – usually, the mother is the one who is available – to make sure they have a temperament that you are comfortable with.
Meeting siblings or other relatives of the parents is also helpful to assess what the puppy will be like when it grows up.
Like all dogs, Samoyeds need early socialization – when they are young – exposed to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences. Socialization helps ensure that your Samoyed puppy becomes a well-rounded dog.
Enrolling him in a puppy kindergarten class is a great start. Regularly inviting visitors, and taking him on leisurely walks to busy parks, and stores that allow dogs, and to meet neighbors will also help him polish his social skills.
Health About Samoyed
Samoyeds are generally healthy dogs, and responsible breeders test their stock for health conditions such as hip dysplasia and eye and cardiac disorders.
A Samoyed’s teeth should be brushed frequently using toothpaste designed for dogs. Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help ensure a dog a long, healthy life.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club:
- Hip assessment
- PRA Optigen DNA Test
- RD/OSD DNA Test
- Cardiac examination
- Ophthalmologist Evaluation
Common Health Issue
Like other purebred dogs, Samoyeds have some common health problems, although they are generally considered a healthy breed. Responsible breeders will test potential parents for hereditary conditions, and if you adopt a Samoyed puppy, you should be provided with their family medical history.
The following conditions are most commonly seen in this breed:
- Glaucoma: This painful condition causes pressure to build up inside your dog’s eyes and eventually leads to blindness.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): Affecting the cells of the retina, this eye disease most often occurs in adulthood or old age and eventually leads to blindness.
- Hip Dysplasia: Common in large breeds, this condition causes your dog’s joints to malfunction as they age. Severe cases of dysplasia may require surgery.
- Samoyed Hereditary Glomerulopathy: This genetic kidney disease causes a build-up of toxins in the blood.
- Diabetes Mellitus: This type of diabetes causes the pancreas to fail to regulate blood pressure.
- Hypothyroidism: Also called an underactive thyroid, hypothyroidism affects the body’s ability to produce important hormones.
- Subvalvular aortic stenosis: This condition causes a blockage or blockage of blood flow to the heart.
Double-coated dogs like these require more salon time than other breeds. The amount of Samoyed shedding is one of the reasons you hear it sound like cloud dog-snow-white fur is floating!
They require regular brushing to keep ongoing shedding under control, and daily attention in the spring and fall when their coat is going through a seasonal change known as a “blowing coat.”
Semis in colder climates have less reason to shed, but you’re not completely off the hook. Keep a pin brush, metal comb, and slicker brush handy and a professional groomer on speed dial.
Fortunately, Samoyeds have such clean fur, they only need a bath every three months. If their fur is completely white, some people use a special shampoo to keep it that color.
Other basic care includes frequent dental cleanings with doggy paste, and weekly ear checks and nail trims. A veterinarian can help establish a good routine.
Diet and Nutrition
Feed this breed high-quality commercial or home-cooked dog food twice a day. As with other dogs, Samoyeds should be watched for signs of weight gain and their portions should be limited accordingly if they are packing on several pounds.
In addition to a proper feeding schedule, this working breed needs plenty of fresh water to stay hydrated.
Talk to your veterinarian to determine a healthy eating plan for your particular dog based on its age, weight, and activity level.
Your vet can also help customize meals if you notice weight gain, possible food allergies, or gastric distress.
Samoyeds enjoy being with their people and participating in family activities. They need some daily exercise and enjoy play sessions with their owner in a safely fenced yard or for long walks on a leash. The breed has a strong urge to run away and roam, and if lose a Sammie might travel for miles, putting himself at risk.
The Samoyed people lived in tents and huddled together with their dogs for warmth during the brutal arctic nights. This unusual degree of dog-and-master closeness created a tight bond between Sami and mankind.
Sentenced to solitary confinement in the backyard, Sami is a pathetic’ and destructive’ creature. These are smart, social, mischievous dogs that demand love and attention. Sammy needs a firm but loving hand in training.
Coat Color And Grooming
Samoyeds have a straight outer coat and a soft, thick undercoat (often called wool). It can be pure white, white and biscuit, cream or biscuit – and a heavy shade.
Maintenance can be difficult. Daily brushing is necessary when the coat is shedding; Once or twice a week when it’s not. He will need a bath about once every eight weeks,
Or whenever it’s in mud or something smelly (very likely). Bathing a Samoyed is also a time commitment, as soaking the coat thoroughly, shampooing, and letting it dry completely is not a quick process.
Many owners choose to hire a professional groomer for their Samoyed. Though expensive, it helps to take some of the burdens of the owner. However, you still need to brush regularly.
Brush your Samoyed’s teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar and bacteria. Brushing daily is better if you want to avoid gum disease and bad breath.
Trim your dog’s nails once or twice a month if they don’t wear them naturally to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you can hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. A dog’s toenails contain blood vessels,
And if you cut too far you might bleed — and your dog might not cooperate when he sees the nail clippers coming out. So, if you don’t have experience trimming a dog’s nails, ask a vet or groomer for advice.
His ears should be checked weekly for redness or foul odor, which could indicate an infection. When you check your dog’s ears, clean them with a cotton ball dampened with a mild, pH-balanced ear cleaner to help prevent infection. Do not insert anything into the ear canal; Clean the outer ear only.
Start getting your Samoyed used to brushing and examining him when he’s a puppy. Handle his paws frequently – dogs touch their paws – and look inside his mouth. Make grooming a positive experience full of praise and rewards, and you’ll lay the groundwork for easier veterinary exams and another handling when he’s an adult.
As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection, such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet. Eyes should be clear, without redness or discharge. #Biscuit Samoyed
Your careful weekly exam will help you detect potential health problems early.
Adopt or Buy a Samoyed
- Large amounts of shedding
- Needs lots of time and attention
- Can develop habits like chewing furniture if left alone
- Gentle and friendly temperament
- Can withstand cold climates
- Great for families with children and other pets
Other Dog Breeds And Further Research
- The American Bully is a modern breed of dog that was developed as a companion dog and was originally certified and recognized as a breed in 2004 by the American Bully Kennel Club (ABKC).
- The Russell Terrier (Jack Russell Terrier) is a small terrier that has its origins in fox hunting in England. It is predominantly white-bodied and smooth, rough or broken coated, and can be any color.
Samoyed Dog Breed FAQs
Are Samoyeds good pets?
The Samoyed is a friendly, personable dog. These are intelligent dogs with a touch of freedom. Raised to live in very close quarters with their families, they thrive on human company. Samoyeds will alarm bark and, if left alone for long periods of time, often develop into nuisance barkers. #Black Samoyed
How much is a puppy Samoyed?
Most Samoyeds cost between $600 and $1500. However, some – especially from prize-winning bloodlines – can cost $3,000 or more. Samoyeds are generally considered one of the more expensive dog breeds you can buy.
How do you pronounce the Samoyed dog breed?
This Siberian-derived snow dog’s name is often pronounced “Suh-MOY-UHD,” but the Samoyed Club of America wants you to emphasize the last syllable, like “sem-a- Yedi.” If your wires keep crossing, just call them “semi” and call it a day.
How big is a full-grown Samoyed?
The Samoyed is a medium-sized dog with a height of 19 to 23 1/2 inches and a weight of 50 to 65 pounds (23 to 29 kilograms). Samoyeds are square-built, sturdy dogs, with a fluffy plumed tail curled over the back and draped to one side.