The Pug Dog is a breed of dog originally from China, with the anatomically distinctive features of a wrinkled, small-mouthed face and curled tail. The breed has a fine, shiny coat that comes in a variety of colors, most often light brown or black, and a compact, square body with well-developed and thick muscles throughout the body.
Pugs were brought to Europe from China in the sixteenth century and were popularized in Western Europe by the House of Orange and the House of Stuart in the Netherlands.
In the United Kingdom, in the nineteenth century, Queen Victoria developed a passion for pugs which she passed on to other members of the royal family.
Pugs are known for being friendly and gentle companion dogs. The American Kennel Club describes the personality of the breed as “even-tempered and charming”.
Dogs are popular in the twenty-first century, with some well-known celebrity owners.
Basic Info About Pug Dog :
|Life span: |
12 – 15 years
|China Kennel Union: |
Charming, Clever, Mischievous, Docile, Sociable, Affectionate, Stubborn, Playful, Attentive, Loving, Quiet, Calm
Black, Fawn, Silver Fawn, Apricot
Pugs are members of the toy group despite their solid appearance. They range in height from 10 to 11 inches and in weight from 14 to 18 pounds (six to eight kilograms). They are square dogs with substantial limbs. Pugs are the sturdiest dogs of the toy group, befitting their mastiff heritage.
Did You Know About Pugs?
Among the rich and famous fans of the pug are King Louis XIV; Josephine, Empress of Napoleon; Queen Victoria; The Duke and Duchess of Windsor; and fashion designer Valentino.
Pugs were bred to be the companions of royalty. They originated in the Far East and can be traced back to the first century B.C. They were considered royal dogs in China, owned by aristocrats, and bestowed as precious gifts – rather than sold – to rulers in foreign countries.
History About Pug Dog :
Pugs originated in China, and date back to the Han Dynasty (206 BC to AD 200). Some historians believe that they are related to the Tibetan Mastiff. They were prized by the emperors of China and lived in luxurious residences, sometimes guarded by soldiers.
Pugs are one of three types of short-nosed dogs that have been bred by the Chinese: the lion dog, the Pekingese, and the lo-sez, which was the ancient pug.
Some think that China’s famous “fu dogs” represent ancient pugs. Evidence of dogs like the pug has been found in ancient Tibet and Japan.
In the later 1500s and early 1600s, China began to trade with European countries. Reportedly, the first Pugs brought to Europe came from Dutch traders, who named the breed the Mopshond, a name still used today.
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The pug quickly became a favorite of royal families across Europe, and even played a part in the history of many of these families.
In Holland, the dog became the official dog of the House of Orange after allegedly saving the life of Prince William of Orange, warning him that the Spaniards were approaching in 1572.
When William of Orange went to England in 1688 with his wife, Mary II, to take the throne from James II, they brought their paws with them.
It is known that black pugs existed in the 1700s because the famous artist, William Hogarth, was a pug enthusiast. He portrayed a black Pug and many others in his famous paintings.
In 1785, Goya also depicted pugs in his paintings.
As the popularity of the pug spread across Europe, it was often known by different names in different countries. In France, it was called Carlin; Dogulo in Spain; in Germany mops; and in Italy, Caganalino.
Marie Antoinette had a Pug named Mops before she married Louis XVI at the age of 15. Another famous French woman, Josephine Bonaparte, had a Pug named Fortune.
Before marrying Napoleon Bonaparte, she was imprisoned in Les Carmes prison. Since her beloved Pug was the only “visitor” she was allowed in, she would hide messages in her collar to take to her family.
In the early 1800s, pugs were standardized as a breed, with the two lines becoming dominant in England. One line was called the Morrison Line and, reportedly, was installed on the royal dogs of Queen Charlotte, the wife of George III.
Pug Dog Puppy Image :
The second line was developed by Lord and Lady Willoughby d’Orsay and was founded on dogs imported from Russia or Hungary.
Pugs were first exhibited in England in 1861. The studbook was started in 1871 with 66 Pugs in the first volume.
Meanwhile, in China, pugs continued to be raised by royal families. When the British took over the Chinese Imperial Palace in 1860, they discovered several Pugs and brought some small dogs back to England with them.
Two pugs named Lamb and Moss were brought to England. These two “pure” Chinese lines were bred and produced clicks. He was an excellent dog and was bred several times to dogs of both the Willoughby and Morrison lines.
The clique is credited with making the pug a better breed overall and shaping the modern Pug as we know it today.
Pugs became very popular during the Victorian era and were featured in many paintings, postcards, and sculptures from the period. Often, he was depicted wearing a wide, ornamental collar or large bow around his short, thick neck.
Queen Victoria had many Pugs and also raised them. The Queen preferred apricot-fawn pugs, while another pug fancier Lady Brassie made black pugs fashionable after bringing some back from China in 1886.
Pugs were introduced to the United States after the Civil War, and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885. At first, pugs were very popular, but by the turn of the century, interest in the breed waned.
Some dedicated breeders continue to breed and after a few years, the breed gained popularity. Established in 1931, the Pug Dog Club of America was also recognized that year by the AKC.
Breed Characteristics :
|Adaptability – 5 Points||Dog Friendly – 5 Points||Shedding Level – 4 Points|
|Affection Level – 5 Points||Exercise Needs – 1 Point||Social Needs – 5 Points|
|Apartment Friendly – 5 Points||Grooming – 1 Point||Stranger Friendly – 5 Points|
|Barking Tendencies – 3 Points||Health Issues – 5 Points||Territorial – 4 Points|
|Intelligence – 3 Points||Cat Friendly – 5 Points||Trainability – 3 Points|
|Child Friendly – 4 Points||Playfulness – 3 Points||Watchdog Ability – 4 Points|
Temperament and Personality of Pug Dog :
People may initially be attracted to the Pug’s unusual appearance, but they are quickly conquered by their personality. He’s a charming, fun-loving clown of a dog who doesn’t mind wearing a costume.
It’s all in good fun, after all. Same as the bumblebee, the Pug has a knack for maintaining his dignity even while making people laugh.
Pugs also take well to training. That is, they will train you to screw them up properly. They love to eat, and it takes ten strength to resist a pug’s pleading face when he craves one of your tater tots.
Pug Dog Image :
Pugs have a reputation for being difficulty to live within the house. But if you learn to read their body language, they’ll tell you when they need to go out.
Is the pug right? Well, no, not always. Any dog, no matter how good he is, can develop unpleasant levels of barking, digging, stealing food, and other undesirable behaviors if he is bored, untrained, or insecure.
Begin training your Pug puppy the day you bring him home. He is capable of soaking up everything you can teach him. Don’t wait until they are 6 months old to start training or you will have a more stubborn dog to deal with.
If possible, take him to puppy kindergarten class, and socialize, socialize, socialize until he is 10 to 12 weeks old. However, be aware that many puppy training classes require some vaccines to be up-to-date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and in public places until puppy vaccines.
In lieu of formal training, you can start home-training your puppy and socialize him with family and friends until the puppy’s vaccinations are complete.
Talk to the breeder, describe what you are looking for in a dog, and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see their puppies daily and can make very accurate recommendations after knowing a bit about their lifestyle and personality.
The perfect pug is not made entirely of wolf canines. She is a product of her background and breeding. Whatever you want from a Pug, look for one who has a good parenting personality and who is well-socialized from early puppyhood.
Basics of Pug Grooming :
Grooming the Pug’s coat is easy. Brush its smooth double coat weekly with a rubber curry brush to remove dead hair. And you will remove a lot of it because pugs do shed. very. They shed year-round, so this is something you should expect to live with.
Wrinkles on the pug’s face, especially the deep nose roll, should be cleaned up. Each Pug is an individual, so you may need to clean them daily or only weekly.
Wipe away the crud with a damp cosmetic sponge or baby wipe, then dry the wrinkles thoroughly so they don’t become moldy or infected, what pug people refer to as “swamp faces.”
Bathe the pug as needed. With the soft dog shampoos now available, you can bathe a pug weekly if you want without damaging his coat.
The rest is basic care. Trim nails every week or two, and brush their teeth often — with a vet-approved pet toothpaste — for good overall health and fresh breath.
Pugs Health :
Pugs are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health conditions. Not all pugs will get any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.
If you are buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health clearances for both parents of your puppy. Health clearance proves that a dog has been tested and approved for a particular condition.
In Pugs, you should expect to see health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand’s disease; for thrombophilia from Auburn University; and certification from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) that the eyes are normal. You can verify the health clearance by checking the OFA website.
Chelateella Dermatitis (walking dandruff) :
This is a skin condition caused by a tiny mite. If you notice heavy dandruff, especially in the middle of the back, contact your vet. The mites that cause this condition are contagious, which means that all pets in the household need to be treated.
Pug Dog Encephalitis :
PDE is a fatal inflammatory brain disease unique to pugs. Medical researchers don’t know why pugs develop the condition; There is no test or cure for it. PDE can only be diagnosed by examining the brain tissue of a dog after it has died.
PDE usually affects young dogs, causing them to have seizures, vertigo, go blind, then fall into a coma and die.
This can happen over a few days or weeks. Because PDE appears to have a genetic component, the Pug Dog Club of America, along with the American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation, is sponsoring research projects to learn more about this devastating disease.
PDE isn’t the only thing that can cause pugs to have a seizure. They suffer from a condition called idiopathic epilepsy: seizures with no known cause. If your Pug has seizures, take him to your vet to determine which treatment is appropriate.
Nerve Degeneration :
Older pugs who drag their backs, stagger, have trouble jumping up or down or become incontinent, may be suffering from nerve degeneration. Pugs affected by this condition do not appear to be in pain and the condition usually progresses slowly.
Researchers aren’t sure why this happens. Because their front legs often remain strong, some owners purchase carts to help their pugs move around, and vets may prescribe medication to help ease symptoms.
Corneal Ulcers :
Because his eyes are so large and prominent, the Pug’s eyes can easily become injured or ulcers can develop on the cornea. If your Pug squints or eyes appear red and tearing excessively, contact your vet immediately.
Corneal ulcers usually respond well to medication, but if left untreated, can lead to blindness or even tearing of the eye.
Dry eye :
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca and pigmentary keratitis are two conditions seen in pugs. They can happen at the same time, or individually. A dry eye occurs when the eyes do not produce enough tears to stay moist.
Your vet can perform tests to determine if this is the cause, which can be controlled with medication and special care. Pigmentary keratitis is a condition that causes dark spots on the cornea, especially in the corners near the nose.
If the pigment covers the eye, it can cause blindness. Your vet can prescribe medication that will help keep the eyes moist and dissolve the pigment. Both of these eye conditions require lifelong treatment and care.
Eye problems :
Because of their large bulging eyes, pugs are prone to a variety of eye problems, including proptosis distichiasis Progressive retinal atrophy, and entropion.
Some Pugs suffer from a variety of allergies, ranging from contact allergies to food allergies. If your pug is licking his paws or rubbing his face a lot, suspect an allergy and get him checked out by your vet.
Staph infection :
Staph bacteria are commonly found on the skin, but in some dogs.
Fact About Pug Dog :
- The pug is one of the largest toy breeds.
- He is lively and loved by all, and his alert nature makes him an excellent watchdog.
- This breed tends to snore and snore, a by-product of its flat face. Learn to understand the noise as a lullaby.
Best 5 Food On Amazon For Pug Dog :
|Royal Canin Pug, 1.5 kg|
|Purina Supercoat Adult Dry Dog Food, Chicken, 2kg Pack|
|Drools Pug Puppy Premium Dog Food, 4 kg|
|PURINA SUPER COAT Adult Small Breed Dry Dog Food, Chicken, 3 kg|
|Royal Canin Pug, 500 g|
Other Food For Pug Dog :
- Overall Top Pick – Nutro Wholesome Essentials
- Best for Puppies – Wellness Complete Puppy
- Best for Seniors – Blue Buffalo LP
- Best for Weight Loss – Natural Balance Fat Dogs
- Best for Heart Health – Holistic Selected Health
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Pug Dog Review
FAQs About Pug Dog :
Why pugs are not good pets?
While pugs are very cute dogs and can make great pets, they are also a severely brachycephalic (flat-faced) breed.
Pugs are in a group of breeds that are classified as ‘Category Three’ by The Kennel Club. This is the highest category of health concerns because of their physical appearance (the way they look).
Is a pug a lazy dog?
Pugs are naturally a bit lazy and usually sleep for 14 hours a day. They also love food and have the unique skill of begging, so it’s important to monitor your Pug’s weight to avoid obesity.
While they cannot jog or take part in any strenuous exercise, pugs need to maintain a fit lifestyle.
Do pugs bite you?
Do pugs bite you? In general, as a breed, they are not known to be “bitters” or have a vicious disposition. The shape of their mouths prevents them from biting efficiently which makes them reasonably harmless. As always, there can be some exceptions and caution should always be taken.
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