Russell Terrier: Know About This Dog Breed Special Information
The Russell Terrier (Jack Russell Terrier)is a small terrier that has its origins in fox hunting in England. It is mainly white-bodied and smooth, rough or broken coated, and can be any color.
Small tan and white terriers that are technically a different breed are sometimes mistakenly known as “Jack Russells.” Each breed has different physical characteristics according to its national breed club standards; Size and proportion are often used to distinguish them.
Some authorities recognize a similar but different breed as the Russell terrier – a shorter-legged, stockier dog, ranging from 20–30 cm (8–12 in). However, the Federation Cynologic International (FCI) considers the Russell Terrier to be a subtype of the Jack Russell Terrier. Jack Russells are also often confused with Parson Russell terriers.
Technically, the Parson Russell is generally larger and officially restricted to the medium range, with a standard size of 30–36 cm (12–14 in), while the Jack Russell is a broad type, with a size of a category. 25–38 cm (10–15 in).
Jack Russells are an energetic breed that relies on a high level of exercise and stimulation. They are relatively free from any serious health complaints. In the early 19th century Rev. Originating from the dog bred and used by John Russell, from whom the breed takes its name, the Jack Russell shares the same origins as the modern Fox Terrier.
It has gone through many changes over the years, conforming to different usage and breed standards set by the Kennel Club. Kennel Club recognition for the Jack Russell breed was opposed by the breed’s parent society – resulting in the breeding and recognition of the Parson Russell terrier.
Jack Russells have appeared many times in film, television, and print – with some notable historical dogs.
Jack Russell Terrier Size & Basics
- Life span: 13 – 16 years
- Temperament: Stubborn, Intelligent, Energetic, Clownish, Fearless, Athletic, Vocal
- Height: 25 – 38 cm (Adult, At the withers)
- Mass(Weight): 6 – 8 kg (Adult)
- Colors: White, White & Tan, Black & White
- FCI: standard
- Family: Terrier
- Area Of Origin: England
- Date Of Origin: 1800s
- Other Names: Parson Jack Russell Terrier
|Adaptability: 3 Points||Sensitivity Level: 3 Points||Kid-Friendly: 4 Points|
|Dog Friendly: 5 Points||Shedding: 3 Points||Easy To Groom: 3 Points|
|Health: 4 Points||Trainability: 4 Points||Intelligence: 5 Points|
|Energy Level: 5 Points||Physical Needs: 5 Points||Intensity: 5 Points|
History Of Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell Terrier is a true working terrier. The breed is named after the Reverend John Russell, who bred one of the best breeds of terriers for working foxes in England. The Jack Russell is a baying terrier, which means that the dog is supposed to chase the fox away with its constant barking but never kill its prey.
The Jack Russell has been bred strictly for hunting since its inception in the early 1800s.
Because of their broad genetic make-up, there is little variation in the standards of Jack Russell Terriers. In fact, disagreements over leg length have led to the breed being split into separate breeds in England, where dogs with long legs are called Parson’s Jack Russell Terriers and dogs with short legs are simply called Jack Russell Terriers.
In America, despite the greater popularity of short-legged dogs, long-legged dogs are the breed officially known as the Jack Russell Terrier. This breed has been popular with the horse crowd for years.
Media exposure, particularly the popularity of “Moose”, the terrier who played “Eddie” on the television show “Frasier”, and “Soccer”, who starred in the children’s show “Wishbone”, have catapulted the breed to popularity.
The Jack Russell terrier is the newest member of the AKC terrier group, but that membership came amid opposition from fanciers who feared the AKC’s recognition was not good for the breed. The result is that two national associations exist for the breed, the original Jack Russell Terrier Club of America, and the newly AKC-accredited Jack Russell Terrier Association of America.
The Jack Russell Terrier is an energetic, cheerful, and playful dog. They can be stubborn and independent but loyal to their owners and family members. They are very intelligent and will enjoy training sessions with you.
They will also be happy to play with you for hours as long as there is something to keep them busy.
They can be very protective of their caretakers and family members, but they are not aggressive dogs. They don’t bark at everything that moves around like other terriers.
If they are raised together they will get along well with other pets and children. They are very active dogs that need plenty of exercises every day.
Energetic and energetic Jack packs a lot of personality into his small body. Loving, devoted, and endlessly entertaining, she enjoys life and all it has to offer. Given half a chance,
He will chase his pleasure over fences and into the streets. He is incredibly intelligent, but his willful nature can make him difficult to train.
Friendly towards people, it can be aggressive towards any animal that looks like prey, including other dogs and cats. His fearless nature puts him in danger when he decides to hunt down a big dog.
He thrives on structure and routine, but training sessions should be short and sweet to keep his interest. Repetition bores him. A proper Jack is friendly and affectionate, never shy.
Like all dogs, Jack Russells need early socialization – exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences when they are young.
Socialization helps ensure that your Jack Russell puppy becomes a well-rounded dog.
Most likable jack Terrier: Large Jack Russell Terrier, Black Jack Russell Terrier, Jack Russell Terrier mix
Health About Russell Terrier
Most Russell Terriers are happy, healthy little dogs. Responsible breeders treat their stock with patellar luxation,
Checks for health conditions such as deafness and eye disease and is dedicated to maintaining the genetic health of the breed by performing health testing on all of their breeding stock.
Recommended health tests from the National Breed Club:
- Patella Evaluation
- BAER test
- Primary Lens Luxation (PLL)
- Ophthalmologist Evaluation
Russell Terrier Care
Jack Russell is a people lover who should stay indoors with his family. It’s best if he has access to a fenced yard where he can burn off some of his abundant energy. The fence must be impossible for him to climb, dig under or jump over — think Fort Knox.
And don’t rely on an underground electronic fence to keep your jack in the yard. The threat of shock is nothing compared to the urge to chase what looks like prey.
Always keep your Jack on a leash to prevent him from chasing other animals, challenging larger dogs, or running in front of cars. Give him 30 to 45 minutes of vigorous exercise each day, as well as plenty of off-leash play in the yard to keep him tired and out of trouble.
A faint heart has never trained a Jack Russell. People who live with Jack Russells should be firm and consistent in what they expect. Jacks are strong-willed dogs, and although they respond to positive stimulation in the form of praise, play, and food rewards, they will become stubborn in the face of harsh correction.
Provide your Jack Russell with rules and routines and apply the right amount of patience and motivation, however, you will be well rewarded. There’s no limit to what a Jack Russell can learn when he’s paired with the right person.
Give your Jack plenty of positive interactions with other dogs starting in puppyhood – early socialization is important to prevent aggression towards other dogs.
The Russell Terrier’s rough and ready appearance is easily maintained. Coats come in three types: smooth, broken, and rough. A dense, short, smooth coat can be groomed once a week with an all-over rubdown with a soft brush or hound glove.
Rough and broken coats require weekly brushing or dog combing but are often kept natural, with minimal grooming. Russell’s nails should be trimmed monthly.
And his ears should be checked weekly for debris or excess wax and cleaned as needed.
A Russell Terrier should do well on high-quality dog food, whether it is commercially produced or prepared at home with the supervision and approval of your veterinarian. Any diet should be appropriate for the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior).
Some dogs are prone to gaining weight, so watch your dog’s calorie intake and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but too many treats can lead to obesity.
Know which human foods are safe for dogs and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should always be available.
Exercise & Training
The Russell Terrier is not a breed for the couch-potato family. The high energy level and strong personality make this an excellent breed choice for the outdoor family that enjoys lots of hikes, bike rides, and long daily walks.
Finding games he likes to play will help exercise his brain and his body. A tired Russell Terrier is a good RT. With an almost unlimited energy supply, these dogs make great companion dogs for discerning children.
The breed retains a strong hunting instinct so should be very well socialized early on to avoid any problems that may arise due to the trait.
The first tool to have when training a Russell Terrier is a good sense of humor. They are highly intelligent and love to work on problems and play games. They get bored easily, so training sessions should be kept fun if you want them to learn.
They easily master tricks and love to entertain people by performing. They throw themselves into any task or activity with the same dedication that they were bred for hunting purposes.
They are excellent choices for canine sports such as agility, flyball, obedience, rally, and attraction courses.
Needs For Living
Jack Russell Terriers are very active dogs, so they need plenty of space to run around. A small yard may not be enough for them, but if you live in an area that allows it, you may want to consider getting a dog house or building your own.
It is also important to ensure that fresh water is always available for your Jack Russell Terrier. They love to be around people, so everyone in your household should have their attention.
The best living environment for Jack Russell Terriers is one where they get plenty of fresh air and exercise. They love going for walks and playing fetch, so make sure you have plenty of time in your schedule for these activities.
If you work long hours, you should leave your dog at home with someone else who can take care of them.
Rescue Groups For Adopt Or Buy Russell Terrier
- Parson Russell Terrier Association of America Rescue
- Russell Rescue, Inc.
- Russell Refuge
- JRTCC National Russell Rescue
More Dog Breed And Further Research
Russell Terrier Puppy Training
Russell Terrier Dog Breed FAQs
How expensive is a Jack Russell?
Jack Russells can vary significantly in price depending on how you want to adopt a Jack Russell. Adopting a Jack Russell from a reputable rescue will cost you around $300.00 and adopting a purebred Jack Russell from a reputable breeder can cost you anywhere from $800.00-$2500.00.
Jack Russell Terrier Prize In India : Rs 25,000 – Rs 30,000
Is Jack Russell a good pet?
This active dog is a perfect family dog, especially if you have children over the age of three or four. They have an adventurous nature so it’s best if you also have an adventurous side. Jack Russells tend to get bored, so it’s best if they have a family that can really give them the time of day.
What problems does Jack Russells have?
Common health problems affecting the Jack Russell breed include hereditary eye diseases and deafness. Leg Perthes is a disease of the hip joint that commonly occurs in small breed dogs, including the Jack Russell. They are also prone to dislocation of the kneecaps.
Why is Jack Russells so special?
Raised to be fearless and indifferent. Jack Russell Terriers are tough, tenacious, athletic, and super friendly. This energetic dog was bred as a working dog and still exhibits the intelligence that made it so popular as a hunting dog in the early 19th century.
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