Chinese Crested Mexican Hairless Dog Breed: Full Information

Chinese Crested

The Chinese crested belongs to the toy group and bears a striking resemblance to the popular Chihuahua. However, these adorable pups from China boast mostly hairless bodies adorned with tufts of hair on their heads, paws, and tails.

Few breeds grab attention quite like the Chinese crested, thanks to its distinctive appearance. Interestingly, around half of these dogs are known as “powder puffs,” sporting fur all over their bodies.

Yet, when selecting a pet, looks are only part of the equation. The Chinese crested also shines with its bright, affectionate nature and cheerful disposition.

Despite their small size, these dogs are surprisingly energetic and can be trained relatively easily, making them not just visually appealing but also wonderful companions.

  • Origin: Africa
  • Height: 11–13 inches
  • Weight: 8–12 lbs
  • Lifespan: 13–18 years
  • penis size: Small (0–25 lbs.)
  • color: black, Self, Brown chocolate, or liver cream

Breed Characteristics

With its distinctive spotted pink skin, spiked ‘crested’ hairstyle, furry socks, and delicate featherlight tail, the Chinese Crested is unmistakable. This playful and incredibly affectionate companion dog is truly unique.

Standing between 11 and 13 inches tall, the Chinese Crested is a lively and alert toy breed that can either be hairless or coated. The hairless variety features smooth, soft skin with tufts of hair on the head, tail, and ankles.

On the other hand, the coated variety, known as the ‘powderpuff,’ is covered in a soft, silky fleece. Apart from the difference in fur, there is very little distinction between the powderpuff and its hairless counterpart. Both types exhibit fine-boned elegance and graceful movement.

Cresteds are as delightful as they appear—playful, affectionate, and deeply devoted to their human companions. The hairless variety offers certain advantages, such as no doggy odor, and slipping is not a significant concern. However, both types make attentive housemates, closely attuned to their families’ needs.

Energy level: 3/5Where friendship for: 5/5
Medicines: 1/5Vigilance: 1/5
Playfulness: 4/5Ease of training: 3/5
Affection level: 4/5Fitness requirements: 4/5
Friendship for dogs: 3/5The convenience of location: 2/5
Friendliness to other pets: 5/5Voice: 4/5
Chinese Crested Mexican Hairless Dog

History Of Chinese Crested Mexican Hairless Dog

While hairless pups resembling the modern Chinese Crested Dog have been found in various parts of the world, the exact origins of this breed are uncertain, casting doubt on whether they truly originated in China. It’s believed that a shared genetic mutation with the Xoloitzcuintli suggests a common ancestry.

It’s speculated that the origins of the modern Chinese Crested dog may lie in Africa or Mexico. Spanish explorers encountered Chinese Crested dogs in Mexico and other parts of Central and South America as early as the 1500s.

During the 1700s and 1800s, British, French, and Portuguese explorers also encountered the breed in the diverse regions of Africa and Asia.

In the 1950s, Debora Wood established the “Crest Haven” kennel, deliberately breeding and meticulously recording the lineages of her Chinese Crested Dogs.

The renowned burlesque entertainer Gypsy Rose Lee also bred Chinese Crested Dogs, and upon her passing, her dogs were integrated into Crest Haven. These two lines serve as the foundation of every modern Chinese crested dog.

Ms. Wood also founded the American Hairless Dog Club in 1959, which later merged into the American Chinese Crested Club (ACCC) in 1978.

The ACCC became the parent club for the breed in the United States when the Chinese Crested Dog was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1991, after being honored by the AKC 13 times previously.

The Chinese Crested Dog was officially recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1987 before gaining recognition from the American Kennel Club in 1991.


The Chinese Crested is a lively and dynamic toy breed, standing between 11 and 13 inches tall and available in either hairless or coated varieties. The hairless version boasts smooth, soft skin with tufts of hair on the head, tail, and legs, while the coated type, referred to as the ‘powder puff,’ has a silky, luxurious coat.

This breed, also known as the Canis lupus, is a toy dog that epitomizes elegance, charm, and grace. These pups are cheerful, attentive, and excel as companions.


The Chinese Crested is deeply devoted to its owners, often forming a very close bond with one or two members of the family that can last a lifetime. Even if those individuals leave the house, the dog will eagerly await their return and may become distressed if they don’t come back.

This breed, also known as the Canis lupus, embodies playfulness, gentle protectiveness, and unconditional love. They are loyal to their family and strive to please, enjoying interactions with other dogs, favorites, and people alike. The Chinese Crested makes for a wonderful family companion.

However, certain undesirable behaviors may arise. In some cases, Chinese Cresteds may become destructive, exhibiting tendencies such as chewing and tearing up objects within their surroundings.


Alert and cheerful, the Chinese Crested showers affection on its people. Expect plenty of kisses and cuddle sessions from this joyful and loving companion. It’s important to note that they may be reserved with strangers initially, but once they bond with you, you become a cherished part of their world.

Highly intelligent, the Chinese Crested makes an outstanding companion. However, it’s worth noting that some canine trainers unfairly underestimate their intelligence because they don’t conform to typical canine behavior patterns. This breed is not ideal for owners looking for a laid-back dog.

Chinese Cresteds can be stubborn, and they form strong bonds with their immediate family. While some are naturally outgoing, most tend to be cautious around strangers. They may exhibit reactive behavior, particularly if not properly socialized and trained to overcome their instincts.

They are excellent watchdogs, alerting their owners to any potential intruders, although they are not excessively vocal. Some may enjoy howling or singing to express themselves.

A Crested’s temperament is influenced by genetics, upbringing, and socialization. Puppies with good temperaments are curious and playful, showing a willingness to interact with people. When choosing a puppy, opt for one that displays a balanced temperament, avoiding extremes such as overly aggressive or excessively timid behavior.

Meeting at least one parent, typically the mother, can provide insights into the puppy’s temperament. Observing siblings or other relatives of the parents can also help assess the puppy’s future behavior.

Early socialization is crucial for a well-rounded Chinese Crested. Exposing them to various people, environments, and experiences from a young age helps ensure they grow into confident and well-adjusted dogs.

Enrolling your child in a puppy kindergarten class and regularly exposing them to different situations, such as visits from guests and outings to crowded places, will further enhance their social skills.


Once again, whether your Chinese Crested is hairless or powder-puffed, they generally share similar health prospects. Chinese Cresteds are robust dogs, typically living between 13 and 18 years.

As they age, common health issues may include eye problems like lens luxation, glaucoma, and Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), as well as luxating patellas (where the kneecap slips out of place) and Legg-Perthes disease.

One key difference between powder puffs (powder puff Chinese crested) and hairless crested lies in their dental health. Chinese Cresteds are known for having a “primitive mouth,” meaning all their teeth are sharp like those of wild dogs. In powderpuff pups, having a full set of healthy teeth is typical.

However, hairless Cresteds often experience issues such as missing teeth, overcrowded teeth, and a higher susceptibility to tooth decay. While these issues may affect the dog’s appearance in the short term, neglecting dental care could lead to serious health problems in the long run.

It’s crucial to regularly brush and monitor your Crested’s teeth throughout their life. Dr. Beck advises, “Humans brush our teeth, floss, and visit the dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups. Dogs rely on us to take care of their dental hygiene.”

She recommends brushing your dog’s teeth two to three times a week to prevent plaque buildup, and gingivitis, and maintain overall mouth health.

Dental Disease:

The most common recurring issue in dogs is dental problems, affecting 80 percent of all canines by the age of two. Regrettably, Chinese Cresteds are more susceptible than other breeds to experience dental issues. It typically starts with the buildup of plaque on the teeth and can progress to gum disease and tooth root infections.


Chinese Crested Dogs are susceptible to the same viral and bacterial illnesses as other dogs, such as parvovirus, rabies, and common infections.


Parasites like worms and various bugs can easily infest hairless bodies, both indoors and outdoors. Insects, ticks, and small pests can also pose a risk to humans’ skin and well-being.

powder puff chinese crested

Care Tips For Chinese Crested Mexican Hairless Dog

A Chinese Crested requires only minimal exercise; they’re not suitable jogging companions but mental stimulation is essential. There are plenty of toys and puzzles available for dogs, and your Crested can enjoy many of them.

Chinese Cresteds are generally easy to train, but they can be stubborn, requiring patience. Positive reinforcement is the most effective method, as corrections need to be handled delicately due to the breed’s natural skittishness.

Socialization is important, so try to find small-dog puppy classes where your Crested can interact with dogs of similar size to avoid potential injuries from playing with larger dogs.

Crate training is beneficial for every dog and provides a safe space for your Crested to rest. Starting crate training at a young age will help them become accustomed to confinement if necessary, such as during boarding or travel.

However, it’s important not to leave your Chinese Crested in a crate all day long. It shouldn’t exceed a few hours at a time, except during overnight sleep. They are social dogs and shouldn’t spend their lives locked up.

Crate training also aids in housetraining, which can be challenging for Chinese Cresteds, as with many toy breeds. With patience and consistency, housetraining will eventually become second nature for your Crested.

Best Food For


The diet of your adult Chinese Crested dog should be tailored to factors such as their size, age, body condition, metabolism, and activity level. Chinese Crested owners generally advocate for diets rich in appropriate proteins, fats, essential nutrients, and vegetables high in vitamins to support their overall health and well-being.


Start grooming your Chinese Crested dog as early as possible. Hairless Chinese Cresteds require regular skin care, including bathing with a gentle cleanser on a daily basis, to minimize the buildup of dead skin cells. Regular moisturizing and sunscreen application are also recommended.

Due to their constantly exposed skin, it’s important to protect it from harmful elements. To prevent mats and tangles, brush the hair of both coated and hairless variations every day or every other day. It’s worth noting that hairless variations may have tufts of tangled hair.


The Chinese Crested dog is highly intelligent and trainable. Its eagerness to follow commands and loyalty to its owner make training a pleasure, especially when started at a young age.

Chinese Crested dogs are clever and respond well to training. It’s important to provide daily exercise for your Chinese Crested, typically around one hour, but avoid sudden changes in activity. Both physical exercise and mental stimulation are essential for fulfilling their need for dexterity and obedience.


Most Chinese Crested dogs are content to spend their time snuggled up next to their owners and don’t require a lot of activity. However, they are always eager to please their owners. Taking your Chinese Crested for walks is a great way to introduce them to other dogs and people, promoting socialization. Another effective method for socialization is attending obedience classes, where your Crested can interact with other dogs in a controlled environment.

While most Chinese Crested dogs are hairless, some have smooth, silky coats. They form strong bonds with their families but may be wary of strangers. Proper training is essential to prevent the dog from becoming aggressive towards unfamiliar people.

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Other Dog Breeds and Further Research


Chinese Crested Puppy dog price

The average price for a Chinese Crested will be between $1,200 and $2,200. But even a Chinese Crested puppy will cost between $600 and $2,500, with an average price of $1,100.

Is a Chinese crested dog a good pet?

The Chinese Crested loves to spend time with his proprietor. This makes him a great seeker for competitive sports similar to dexterity, flyball, and obedience, and they make great remedy tykes. They also enjoy and do well at lure coursing. They have a veritably sensitive nature and must be trained with gentle tolerance.

Are Chinese Crested dogs rare?

Chinese Crested Dogs are a rare toy strain that can be set up with 2 hair types furless and powderpuff. They were first used as ratters on vessels, but are now bred for fellowship.

Is Chinese Crested high maintenance?

Are Chinese Crested Dogs high-conservation? While they have fairly low- conservation in exercise requirements, Chinese crested tykes bear harmonious grooming. This strain needs to have its long patches of hair brushed regularly, and its skin is prone to becks if it goes without sunscreen outside.

Is a Chinese Crested a Chihuahua?

Chi Chi is a mixed strain canine cross between the Chihuahua and Chinese Crested canine types. Small, energetic, and alert, these pups inherited some of the stylish traits from both of their parents. Chi Chis goes by some other names, including the Mexican Crested and the Crested Chi.

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