Yorkshire Terrier Vital Stats:
|Dog Breed Group:|
4 to 6 pounds
8 to 9 inches tall at the shoulder
12 to 15 years
The Yorkshire Terrier, nicknamed the Yorkie, seems quite full of himself, and why not? With his long silky coat and perky topcoat, the Yorkshire Terrier is one of the most glamorous representatives of the dog world, sure to grab attention wherever he goes.
Because he’s so small he often travels in style – in the special dog purse that’s snuggled up by his adorable owner.
The tall steel-blue and tan coat may be the Yorkie’s crowning glory, but it’s his personality that really holds him, dear, to his family. Oblivious of its small size, the Yorkshire Terrier is a large dog with a small body, always looking for adventure and perhaps even a little trouble.
Yorkshire Terriers are affectionate toward their people as would be expected from a companion dog but true to their terrier heritage, they are sometimes suspicious of strangers, and will bark at strange sounds and intruders.
By noticing your neighbors, it’s important to nail down their joy and teach them when and when not to bark.
They can also be aggressive towards strange dogs, and no squirrel is safe from them.
Despite their bravery, Yorkshire Terriers also have a softer side. They need lots of attention and time with their family.
Long hours of being alone are not for them. However, over-protecting your Yorkie is not a good idea; They will understand your feelings very quickly and may become neurotic if your actions say the world is a dangerous place for them.
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Because of their size, Yorkshire Terriers tend to do better with older children who have been taught to respect them than with toddlers and younger children. If they are startled or irritated they can be snappy.
As long as they get some exercise every day – perhaps a nice play session in the living room or a nice walk around the block – Yorkies make good apartment dogs.
No matter what house they live in, they will get along well with other resident dogs and cats – as long as they were raised with them.
Yorkies may be possessive of their owners if a new pet is brought into the home. Being Terriers, they may want to challenge the “intruder” and if a fight breaks out, the spirit of the Terrier is to fight to the death. Be very careful when you are introducing a Yorkie to a new animal.
He has a glamorous coat, a small size, a courageous personality, and unwavering loyalty to his people. Is it any surprise that the Yorkshire Terrier is the largest breed in the U.S. today? What is the second most popular dog breed?
Yorkshire Breed Characteristics:
|Adapts Well To Apartment Living||5|
|Good For Novice Owners||4|
|Tolerates Being Alone||3|
|Tolerates Hot Weather||2|
|Tolerates Cold Weather||2|
|All Around Friendliness:|
|Affectionate With Family||4|
|Friendly Toward Strangers||2|
|Easy To Train||3|
|Potential For Mouthiness||2|
|Tendency To Bark Or Howl||2|
|Potential For Playfulness||5|
History Of Yorkshire Terrier
During the Industrial Revolution in England, Scottish workers came to Yorkshire to work in coal mines, textile mills, and factories, bringing with them a dog called a Clydesdale Terrier or Paisley Terrier.
These dogs were much larger than the Yorkshire Terriers we know today, and are thought to have been used primarily to catch rats in mills.
The Clydesdale Terrier was probably crossed with other types of terrier, probably the English Black and Tan Toy Terrier and the Skye Terrier. The Waterside Terrier may also have contributed to the development of the Yorkshire Terrier. It was a small dog with a long bluish-gray coat.
In 1861, the Yorkshire Terrier was shown at a bench show as the “Broken Haired Scotch Terrier”. A dog named Huddersfield Ben, born in 1865, became a popular show dog and is considered the father of the modern Yorkshire Terrier.
The breed acquired that name in 1870 because it was here that most of its development took place.
The Yorkshire Terrier was first registered in the British Kennel Club Stud Book in 1874. The first Yorkshire Terrier breed club in England was formed in 1898.
The earliest record of a Yorkshire Terrier being born in America was in 1872. Yorkshire Terriers were able to compete in dog shows as early as 1878.
In those early shows, Yorkshire Terrier classes were divided by weight – under and above 5 pounds and 5 pounds. Eventually, exhibitors settled on an average of between 3 and 7 pounds for a class.
Yorkshire Terrier Personality
Smart and self-confident, the Yorkshire Terrier is a combination of lovable small size and courageous terrier spirit. The breed displays a range of personalities.
Some are crazy and impudent, wanting nothing more than to follow in the footsteps of their people all day long. Others are mischievous, outgoing, and into everything.
Set limits and your Yorkie will be a wonderful companion, but if you spoil him, be careful! Start training when they’re puppies, and you’ll have much better luck if you let them have their way and then try to correct bad habits.
Like all dogs, Yorkies require early socialization – exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences – when they are young. Socialization helps ensure that your Yorkie will be a friendly, well-rounded dog.
Yorkshire Terrier Puppy Temperament
The ideal Yorkshire Terrier character or “personality” has been described by The Kennel Club as a “carriage very honest feisty” and “an important air message”. Although small, the Yorkshire Terrier is active, very protective, curious, and attention-seeking.
Yorkshire Terriers are easy-going dogs that are good with children and older adults. If trained properly, these dogs are very child-friendly, easygoing, and love to play with them.
The Yorkshire Terrier is an easy dog breed to train. This happens as a result of their own disposition to work without human assistance. They are naturally smart and quick to learn, many of which are motivated by food and/or praise.
Because they were developed as a working breed, many need a lot of both physical and mental stimulation – both long walks/runs as well as indoor play and training to keep their minds busy.
They are not known to be cheerful, but many have reported that a contented Yorkie is calm – one who will happily kneel on your knee in the evening.
But they are all individuals, some of which are a lot calmer than others, and the breeder should ideally be able to offer advice on the needs and temperament of their particular line. Yorkies adapt easily to all environments, travel well, and make suitable pets for many households.
Because of their small size, they require limited exercise but do require daily contact with people. They thrive on attention and love. Many are timider around other dogs and prefer to be close to their humans for comfort.
Yorkshire Terriers bark a lot. This makes them excellent watchdogs, as they sound the alarm when someone approaches. The barking problem can often be solved with proper training and exercise.
Yorkshire Terrier – Care
Yorkshire Terriers enjoy taking a walk or playing outside with you, but since they are very active indoors, it doesn’t take a lot of effort to keep them well exercised.
In general, Yorkies are receptive to training, especially if it gets the attention to perform cute tricks or to perform agility or obedience trials. However, keeping them indoors can be difficult, as their “accidents” are so small and easy to clean that people tend to let them slip.
It is a mistake. Better to show them where to go from the beginning and reward them for doing their business in the right place. When you try, you can actually end up with a very well-trained Yorkie.
They are definitely house dogs and do not tolerate extreme heat or cold well. Many people paper train their Yorkshire Terriers so that they don’t need to be taken outside when the weather is too hot or cold.
Yorkies love squeaky toys, but it’s important to check toys every few days to make sure they haven’t chewed them open and squeaked out. They especially enjoy fetching toys that you throw at them.
If you’re crafty, consider crocheting a ball for your Yorkie – larger than a golf ball but smaller than a tennis ball – and filling it with used pantyhose. He’ll love it!
Routine Care, Diet, and Exercise
- Supervise your pet like you would a child. Keep doors closed, lift behind you, and locker rooms as needed. This will keep him out of trouble and away from objects, he shouldn’t be putting in his mouth.
- Daily brushing and regular trimming are recommended to prevent mats and keep its long coat beautiful.
- Yorkshire Terriers often have serious dental problems, so you need to brush them at least three times a week!
- Clean your ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry – we’ll show you how!
- Highly active indoors, he is apt to live in apartments and travel.
- He has a tendency to chase small animals; Always walk your Yorkie on a leash. A harness is recommended!
- Can be sensitive to cold, so a warm winter wardrobe is essential.
- Keep your dog’s diet consistent and don’t feed him, people.
- Feed him a high-quality diet appropriate for his age.
- Exercise your dog regularly, but don’t overdo it at first.
Yorkshire Terrier Grooming Tips for Beginners
Yorkies are known to be low-shedders. They have silky, constantly growing hair that requires a fair amount of grooming. If the coat is kept long, it should be brushed daily to prevent tangles and mats.
It will also need regular trims to prevent pulling, and the hair on a dog’s head should either be cut short or put into a hairband to keep it out of a dog’s eyes.
To avoid this trouble, many Yorkie owners choose to keep their dog’s coats short.
Plan on giving a bath every week or two, and check your dog’s ears at least weekly for any dirt and debris. Depending on how short your dog trims his nails, it will be necessary to trim the nails approximately every month. And teeth should ideally be brushed every day.
About Yorkshire Terrier Health
Health problems often seen in Yorkshire Terriers include bronchitis, lymphangiectasia, portosystemic shunts, cataracts, and keratitis sicca. Additionally, Yorkies often have a delicate digestive system, with the consumption of foods outside their regular diet leading to vomiting or diarrhea.
The Yorkshire Terrier’s relatively small size means it generally has poor tolerance to anesthesia. Additionally, toy dogs such as the Yorkie are more likely to be injured by falls, other dogs, and the clumsiness of the owner.
Injection reactions (injection site swelling or hair loss) may occur. In addition, the skin may become dry, itchy, and/or red due to allergies.
The lifespan of a Yorkie is 13-20 years. Undersized Yorkies (less than 3 lb or 1.4 kg) usually have a short life span, as they are particularly prone to health problems such as chronic diarrhea and vomiting; are more sensitive to anesthesia; get injured more easily.
Common Health Problems Of Yorkshire Terriers
Yorkshire Terriers are generally healthy dogs. However, some hereditary health issues can occur in the breed, including:
- Patellar luxation
- collapsing trachea
- eye problems
- Portosystemic shunt
- heart disease
- intervertebral disc disease
Recommended Daily Amount: 1/2 to 3/4 cups of high-quality dry food, divided into two meals.
Note: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don’t all need the same amount of food.
It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. The quality of the dog food you buy makes a difference too – the better the dog food, the more it will go toward nourishing your dog, and the less you will need to stir in your dog’s bowl.
Take care that your Yorkie does not become fat. Roly-poly is not a good look for this beautiful breed. Keep your Yorkie in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day, rather than leaving him out all the time.
If you are not sure whether he is overweight or not, give him an eye exam and a practical test.
First, watch him below. You should be able to see the waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, fingers extended downward.
You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without straining. If you can’t, he needs less food and more exercise.
For more information on feeding your Yorkshire Terrier, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog.
Children And Other Pets
Because of their small size, Yorkies are not suitable for families with young children. Most breeders will not sell puppies to people who have children younger than 5 or 6. It is very easy for children to drop them, step on them or hold them too tightly.
Yorkies can get along well with other pets, including cats if they are socialized at a young age.
They are courageous in chasing strange dogs, however, even those that weigh them more than a factor of ten, and it becomes second nature with Yorkies to protect them from themselves
Order Best Food For Your Yorkshire Terrier:
PURINA SUPER COAT Adult Small Breed Dry Dog Food, Chicken, 3 kg
Yorkshire Terrier Review
Yorkshire Terrier FAQ:
Are Yorkshire Terriers Good Family Dogs?
Yorkshire Terriers can be good for families with older children who understand how to gently handle a dog.
Young children can be too harsh with a small dog, potentially injuring or sniffing it.
Are Yorkshire Terriers Good Apartment Dogs?
Yorkshire Terriers can be excellent apartment dogs, as they do not require much space for exercise and play.
However, they can be vocal and annoy nearby neighbors.
Are Yorkshire Terriers Aggressive?
Yorkies are generally sweet dogs and are not usually aggressive.
But they are also fearless watchdogs and must be properly trained and socialized to make sure they have good manners.
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