The Pomeranian is a perky and bold toy dog breed with a long coat and distinctive neck ruff that hails from what is now Germany and Poland. Also called a Pom, this breed is generally sociable but can be bossy at times.
Nevertheless, it is extremely loyal to its loved ones and can be an effective guard dog despite its small stature. With proper training, the Pomeranian can make an excellent companion, although this dog is not for everyone.
Families with young children may not be the ideal home for a Pom, but the breed often gets along well with older and calmer children.
The Pomeranian takes its name from Pomerania, a region in northern Europe on the coast of the Baltic Sea. It is believed that this was where the dogs were first bred in size from the larger Spitz breeds. The original Pomeranian weighed 20 to 30 pounds – much larger than the Pom we know and love today.
The breed became popular in Great Britain after Queen Victoria fell in love with a Pom while vacationing in Florence, Italy, in 1888. She brought one home with her, and the breed’s popularity took off.
Interest in the breed crossed the Atlantic to the United States, where the first Pomeranian specialty show was held in 1911 at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel. Those earlier Pomeranians had foxier faces than today’s Poms and were more likely to be white, dark, or chocolate.
Cinnamon, brown, or cream are more commonly seen now than red and orange. Poms can still come in any color or pattern. The breed is still very popular, ranking 15th among those registered by the American Kennel Club.
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So far, only one Pomeranian has won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. That was BISS/BIS M. Ch. Great Elms Prince Charming II RMX, HOF, won in 1988.
|WEIGHT: 3 to 7 pounds|
|HEIGHT: 6 to 7 inches|
|COAT COLOR: Comes in many colors, though the most common are red, |
orange, cream, sable, black, brown, and blue
|COAT: Long double coat|
|TEMPERAMENT: Bold, alert, lively, affectionate|
|LIFE SPAN: 12 to 16 years|
Pomeranians require consistent training and regular exercise to be happy, healthy dogs. Their thick coat also requires a fair amount of maintenance.
In addition, owners should be mindful of a Pomeranian in hot weather, as well as predators and any difficult encounters with people or other pets.
The Pomeranian has a long, thick double coat that requires frequent grooming. Plan on brushing your Pom’s coat at least weekly to remove loose fur and prevent tangles and mats.
Poms also typically undergo heavy seasonal shedding as the weather changes in the fall and spring, during which you may need to brush several times a week to maintain the loose fur.
A thorough brushing bath roughly every four to six weeks will be needed. At that point, you should also clean your dog’s ears, and you may need to express his anal glands. A groomer’s or vet’s office can do this for you if you are not comfortable with this at home.
You will need to trim your dog’s nails approximately every four to six weeks, especially if you hear them clicking on hard surfaces. And you should aim to brush your teeth ideally every day.
Pomeranians have a moderate energy level which should not be underestimated simply because they are small dogs. They should get at least one hour of physical activity per day, which includes walking and playing with toys.
They should also get a chance to run independently every day (and they don’t need much space to do it). In addition, puzzle toys can help provide Poms with much-needed mental stimulation.
While Poms do quite well in cold weather, their thick coat can cause them to overheat in hot weather.
So even though they generally have good endurance, keep outdoor activity for short sessions in the heat. Also, be sure to protect your Pom from predators – including larger birds – when outside.
Pomeranians are moderately trained dogs. They can be smart as well as stubborn. That’s why consistency and patience are essential when training a Pom. Begin training and socialization early in puppyhood.
Work on house-training right away, so that your dog doesn’t develop any bad habits that are hard to break. Also, socialize puppies with different people and different environments to help curb their tendency to bark at strangers.
Pomeranians can coexist with other household pets if given proper training and socialization. But Poms generally won’t back down from a fight, even with a large dog.
Plus, they can get injured in friendly but rough play. So make sure all household pets – and people, especially young children – are well-behaved and gentle to stay together safely.
In addition, Pomeranians can injure themselves when jumping and descending from furniture, including sofas and beds. That’s why it’s important to either train them to use the ramp or teach them to stay off the furniture.
The life expectancy of a Pomeranian is 12 to 16 years. A well-bred dog on a good diet with proper exercise will have few health problems; If kept trim and fit, the Pomeranian is a strong dog.
The breed tends to have similar health issues as many other dog breeds, although some issues such as hip dysplasia are uncommon due to the Pomeranian’s mild build. Some health problems can occur due to a lack of attention to the cleanliness of teeth, ears, and eyes.
These problems can be avoided with regular care. They are prone to early tooth loss, and dry food is recommended. Poms are one of the breeds with the smallest average litter size, varying between 1.9 and 2.7 puppies per litter in various sources.
Pomeranians are generally healthy dogs. But they are prone to some common health conditions, including:
- Luxating patella (knee dislocation)
- collapsing trachea
- congestive heart failure
- Progressive retinal atrophy (a degenerative eye disease)
|Adaptability – 5 Points||Dog Friendly – 3 Points||Shedding Level – 2 Points|
|Affection Level – 5 Points||Exercise Needs – 2 Points||Social Needs – 5 Points|
|Apartment Friendly – 5 Points||Grooming – 3 Points||Stranger Friendly – 3 Points|
|Barking Tendencies – 4 Points||Health Issues – 3 Points||Territorial – 4 Points|
|Cat Friendly – 5 Points||Intelligence – 3 Points||Trainability – 3 Points|
|Child Friendly – 1 Point||Playfulness – 3 Points||Watchdog Ability – 4 Points|
The Pomeranian has a proud and glamorous appearance with a personality to match. He is an extrovert who is smart and lively. It’s hard not to appear in public with a Pom and not attract attention.
Cute little dogs are small but fearless, with black, almond-shaped eyes and alert, happy expressions. They have a charged disposition and are not afraid of strangers or other animals. For more than a century, the Pom has had a deserved reputation for being a great watchdog.
He may only weigh a few pounds, but he sees himself as the absolute guardian of his home and family.
The Perfect Little Pom is calm and easy to live with. He likes to kiss while sitting on your lap. He’s busy but doesn’t bounce off walls. That said, Poms love to bark. If you plan to teach him the “no bark” or “quit” command, start early and be consistent.
Poms may look like toys, but they are not good pets for young children. They are too delicate to handle roughly, and they prefer the company of adults.
Housetraining for Poms isn’t always easy. They can be stubborn to potty outside, especially if it’s raining or cold outside. As a compromise, consider paper-training a Pom so you both have options when the weather turns bad.
Adopt or Buy a Pomeranian
If you are interested in getting a Pomeranian, check your local animal shelter and breed-specific rescue groups for dogs in need of homes. Make sure you have the time and energy to train and care for a dog that can be stubborn and vocal at times.
Expect to pay around $1,000 or more for a Pup 1, although this price can vary widely for older dogs and adoptable dogs.
There are many organizations that can help you locate a reputable breeder or rescue, including:
Facts About Pomeranian
- The breed became popular in 1888 after Queen Victoria fell in love with a Pom while on vacation in Italy.
- The Pomeranian has a thick, beautiful coat that comes in many colors and patterns, and they are easy to groom.
- Pomeranians get on well with other pets but should be protected from fussy children.
Pomeranian Mixes: 20 Adorable Crossbreed Pups
- Husky and Pomeranian
- Jack Russell Terrier and Pomeranian
- Pug and Pomeranian
- Yorkshire Terrier and Pomeranian
- Chihuahua and Pomeranian
- Bichon Frise and Pomeranian
- Miniature Poodle and Pomeranian
- Beagle and Pomeranian
- Pekingese and Pomeranian
- Boston Terrier and Pomeranian
- Shetland Sheepdog and Pomeranian
- English Cocker Spaniel and Pomeranian
- Papillon and Pomeranian
- Schnauzer and Pomeranian
- Shih Tzu and Pomeranian
- Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Pomeranian
- Dachshund and Pomeranian
- French Bulldog and Pomeranian
- Maltese and Pomeranian
- Lhasa Apso and Pomeranian
Best Foods For Pomeranian
|The Farmer’s Dog Fresh Dog Food Beef Recipe – Best Overall|
|Solid Gold Holistic Dry Dog Food|
|Royal Canin ‘Small Indoor Adult’ Dry Dog Food — Best Value|
|Royal Canin Puppy Dry Dog Food — For Puppies|
|Hill’s Science Diet Bites Dry Dog Food|
|Wellness Complete Health Toy Breed Dog Food|
|Wellness Health Small Breed Senior Dog Food|
|Purina Pro Plan Toy Breed Dry Dog Food|
What were Pomeranians born for?
While its ancestors were bred as a sled and working dogs, the little Pomeranian was bred as a companion dog.
Are Pomeranians Good Family Dogs?
Because of their small size, Pomeranians can be injured from rough handling by a child. So a Pom may not be suitable for a family until the children are old enough to learn to handle dogs with care.
Are Pomeranians Good Apartment Dogs?
Pomeranians can be good apartment dogs, as they do not require a lot of space to satisfy their energy and play needs. However, they can be vocal dogs that can annoy nearby neighbors.
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