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Chow Chow: Know About This Dog Breed Special Information

The Chow Chow is a Spitz-type of dog originally from northern China. The Chow Chow is a strongly built dog, with a square, broad skull in profile and upright ears with small, triangular, rounded tips. The breed is known for a very dense double coat that is either smooth or rough.

The fur is particularly thick in the neck area, giving it a distinctive rough or mane appearance. The coat may be shade/fawn, black, blue, tan/fawn, or cream.

Size Chart of This Dog Breed:

17 to 20 inches tall at the shoulder
40 to 70 pounds
Dog Breed Group:
Working Dogs
Life Span:
12 to 15 years

Breed Organization:

Breed Characteristics of Chow Chow:

Adaptability: 2 PointsDog Friendly: 1 PointShedding Level: 5 Points
Affection Level: 2 PointsExercise Needs: 2 PointsSocial Needs: 2 Points
Apartment Friendly: 3 PointsGrooming: 5 PointsStranger Friendly: 1 Point
Barking Tendencies: 5 PointsTerritorial: 3 PointsIntelligence: 2 Points
Trainability: 2 PointsPlayfulness: 2 PointsChild Friendly: 2 Points
Watchdog Ability: 3 PointsHealth Issues: 4 PointsCat Friendly: 2 Points

History About Chow Chow Dog Breed:

Experts have long speculated that the Chow Chow is one of the oldest dog breeds, and genetic testing has proven it to be true. The ancient race is believed to have originated in Mongolia and northern China, gradually moving southward with the nomadic tribes of Mongolia.

Early depictions of dogs such as the Chow-Chow appear in pottery and paintings from the Han Dynasty (206 BC to 22 AD). A Chinese emperor is said to have kept 2,500 pairs of Chows as hunting dogs.

Besides hunting, dogs were used to guard their owners’ property. On the downside, their fur was used to trim coats and their meat was considered delicious.

In China, the breed is known by several names: black-tongue dog, wolf dog, bear dog, and Canton dog. How he became Chow-Chow is an interesting story.

History of 18th Century:

In the late 18th century British traders included some bear-like dogs in their cargo. Various objects, including dogs, were known as “chow chows” and the name was associated with the breed.

In 1781, the Chow-Chow was described by the naturalist Gilbert White in the British book, Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne. His neighbors brought home a pair of chow chows from Canton and he included them in his observations of country life.

Fanciers say the breed has changed little since White wrote about them 200 years ago.

However, a century later Chow Chows were still regularly imported. Queen Victoria, who loved dogs, took an interest in the breed, which increased its popularity. In 1895, a breed club was formed in England.

The first Chow-Chow to attend an American dog show was Takia, who placed third in the Miscellaneous Class at the Westminster Kennel Club Show in 1890. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1903 and the first Chow registered with the AKC was the Yen Hau.

Chow Chows were all the rage among the rich and famous during the 1920s. They even made it to the White House, where President Calvin Coolidge and his wife kept Timmy, a red chow, and Blackberry, a black chow.

Analyst Sigmund Freud was also a fan of chows, and his daughter Anna kept and raised the dogs. Recent fans include Martha Stewart; Chow sometimes appears with her on her TV show.

Appearance / Look of This Dog:

The Chow-Chow is a strongly built dog, with a square, broad skull in profile and upright ears with small, triangular, rounded tips. The breed is known for a very dense double coat that is either smooth or rough. The fur is especially thick in the neck area, giving it a distinctive rough or mane appearance.

The coat may be shade/fawn, black, blue, tan/fawn, or cream. Not all of these color varieties are recognized as valid in all countries. Individuals with patchy or variegated coats are considered outside the breed standard. Chow’s eyes are usually deep-set and almond-shaped.

The breed is unique in its purple/blue-black tongue that no other breed has except the Shar Pei, and the hind legs are very straight, resulting in a rather stilted gait. The blue color extends to the Chow Chow’s lips; This is the only dog ​​breed with this distinctive blue color in the lips and oral cavity. Another distinguishing feature is the curly tail. He has thick hair and curls on his back.

The nose should be black, but a blue-coated Chow can have a solid blue or slate-colored nose. According to American Kennel Club breed standards, any other tone is not acceptable for competitions. FCI countries, however, allow self-colored noses in cream.

The blue-black/purple tongue gene appears to be dominant, as most mixed breed dogs descended from the Chow Chow retain the tongue color. However, blue-black/purple tongues can also be found on Shar Pei. This does not mean that every mixed-breed dog with purple tongue spots is descended from the Chow Chow, as purple tongue spots can be found on other purebred dogs.

Temperament & Personality of Chow Chow Dog:

Despite its teddy-bear appearance, the Chow is not a lovey-dovey type of dog. He is independent and dignified, usually attaching himself to one person. Chow is protective and will certainly have affection for his entire family, but most of his devotion will be given to that one special person. Children may be frustrated by Chow’s lack of interest in cuddling or cuddling.

He is distrustful of strangers and can be aggressive towards dogs he doesn’t know. Chows are highly territorial. Intruders or people they don’t know will be warned with a deep growl and maybe something more physical if they don’t take the hint.

This intelligent but sometimes stubborn dog can be a challenge to train. He responds well to clicker training and positive reinforcement techniques such as play, praise, and food rewards, but he also likes to do things on his own.

To be successful, you must be patient and willing to try many different methods to see what works. Find a trainer who has a broad bag of tricks and is experienced with Spitz breeds. Keep training sessions short and fun so the Chow Chow doesn’t get bored.

How to do Chow Chow Dog’s Puppy Train?

Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even at eight weeks old, he is able to absorb everything you can teach him. Don’t wait until he’s 6 months old to start training or you’ll have a stronger dog to deal with. If possible, get him into a puppy kindergarten class by the time he’s 10 to 12 weeks old, and socialize, socialize, socialize.

However, be aware that many puppy training classes require certain vaccines to be up-to-date, and many veterinarians recommend limiting contact with other dogs and in public places until the puppy’s vaccinations are complete. recommends.

Instead of formal training, you can start training your puppy at home and socialize him among family and friends until the puppy’s vaccinations are complete.

Talk to the breeder, describe exactly what you’re looking for in a dog, and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see puppies every day and can make unmistakably accurate recommendations when they know something about your lifestyle and personality.

Find what you want in a Chow Chow, whose parents have great personalities and who are well socialized from an early puppy.

Health About This Dog:

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to inherit certain diseases. Run, don’t walk, from any breeder who doesn’t offer health guarantees for puppies, who tells you the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or who tells you their puppies are different from the mainstream.

Family for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about health issues in the breed and incidents that occur in his line.

Chow Chai has some health issues that may be of concern. These include hip and elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, autoimmune thyroiditis, and eye problems such as cataracts, distichiasis, and glaucoma. Pemphigus foliaceous, an autoimmune skin disease, melanoma, a type of cancer, and gastric torsion also occur in the breed.


The Chow-Chow Club, which is the American Kennel Club’s parent organization for the breed in the United States, participates in the Canine Health Information Center Program.
For a Chow Chow to achieve CHIC certification, it must have eye clearance from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), OFA elbow, thyroid, and patella (knee) evaluations, and the Canine Eye Registry Foundation. HIP scores from the University of Pennsylvania (PenHIP) are also acceptable.

Breeders must agree to publish all test results, positive or negative, in the CHIC database. Do not purchase a puppy from a breeder who cannot provide you with written documentation that the parents were cleared of health problems affecting the breed. Having dogs “wet checked” is not a substitute for genetic health testing.

Remember that after you bring a new puppy into your home, you have the power to protect him from one of the most common health problems: obesity. Keeping chow at the right weight is the easiest way to prolong its life. Maximize your preventative abilities to ensure a healthy dog ​​for life.

Recommended Health Tests From the National Breed Club:

  1. Patella Evaluation
  2. Hip Evaluation
  3. Thyroid Evaluation
  4. Elbow Evaluation

How to Care You’r Chow Chow Dog?

Chows can adapt to a variety of homes, from palaces to apartments. But they should always stay indoors with their people, not stuck in a backyard or kennel. They do not tolerate heat well, so keep them indoors when the weather is hot.

Like any dog, an adult Chow needs daily exercise to stay healthy and happy, but not too much – he’ll be satisfied with a 15-minute walk or one long walk every day.

The Chow Chow is a homebody who isn’t prone to wandering off, but if you have a yard you’ll still want a secure fence; It will protect it from traffic and prevent strangers from approaching it when you are not around to supervise.

Chows are easily housetrained, but crate training is strongly recommended. Crates make house training easier and keep your chow from chewing on things while you’re away. A crate is a tool, not a prison, however, so don’t keep your tea locked in it for too long. The best place to chow is with you.

Chows are more than capable of learning anything you can teach them, and verbal correction is usually all they need to straighten them out. No dog should ever be killed, but it is especially repugnant to this breed. Fiercely proud and independent Chow will never respond to physical abuse.

Earn his respect in puppyhood with strong consistency, and you’ll have no problem training him. But if you always let the cute pup get in his way and then try to train him, you’re bound to run into problems.

How to Training & Exercise for This Dog?

The Chow Chow is an active and alert dog that requires moderate exercise. Chows require daily walks and moderate play with toys, with minimal rough play or high-impact exercise.

Avoid exercising during hot periods of the day, as the breed does not tolerate high heat or humidity well. Moderate walks four or more times a day will help keep the Chow and owner happy and healthy, and doing activities together increases the human-canine bond.

Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended and help ensure that the Chai grows up to be a well-adjusted, well-behaved companion. Patience and positive, consistent reinforcement are the keys to successful training.

The Chow Chow is a very intelligent dog but can be stubborn. Harsh training methods should be avoided to develop a trusting relationship. Patience, praise, and regular practice are the best tools to use with your chow.

Grooming About Chow Chow:

The Chow breed will shed their fur heavily during the spring and fall seasons, requiring more attention to grooming than in other seasons. It is important that owners use the correct equipment to avoid damaging the skin and facilitate grooming.

Three types of brushes that owners can use on their Chow Chow are a medium-bristle brush for large areas of the body, a slick brush for smaller areas, and a pin brush for maintaining long strands of hair.

Chow Chows have either a short and smooth coat, or a rougher and longer coat. Both form a thick woolly layer, as it gets closer to the skin.

They should be brushed four times a week; However daily grooming may be required during the flowing season. Also, spray conditioners can help prevent breakage and breakage of the thick hair coat. Finally, monthly bathing is necessary to avoid fleas and to keep a clean coat of fur.

Adopt OR Buy Chow Chow Dog:

Coat, Color & Grooming About This Dog:

Chows can have two types of coats, rough and smooth. The rough coat, which most people are used to seeing, is thick and abundant, standing up from the body like a parka. Beneath the outer coat lies a soft, thick, woolly undercoat.

Hair is thick around the head and neck, forming a ruff or mane. The tail, which rests on the back, is also thickly furred.

The Smooth Coated Chow Chow has a hard, dense, smooth outer coat with distinct ruff or feathers.

In both types, the coat comes in five colors: red, black, blue, cinnamon, and cream. These colors can be rough, solid, or solid with a lighter shade in the tail and feathers.

If you buy a puppy, don’t be prepared to pay more for so-called rare or exotic colors. Some breeders describe the colors of their dogs as champagne, silver, lilac, chocolate, or white, but these are just fancy names for regular colors. There is no need to pay a premium for them, and reputable breeders will not try to charge one.

Grooming for this Dog:

Expect to brush your Dog three times a week to keep the coat in good condition and to keep loose hair from getting on your clothes and furniture. Chow Chows are heavy seasonal shedders, and that’s when the coat needs extra attention. If the coat is brushed frequently, they do not have a dog odor.

For brushing, you’ll need a stainless steel greyhound comb with medium-coarse teeth; A medium-sized slicker brush for legs; a medium pin brush for a long coat of body; And a spray bottle of thin coat conditioner to mist the coat while you brush.

Never brush a dry coat or the hair will break. Brush all the way to the skin or you’re likely to miss mats and tangles.

You’ll probably want to bathe your chow at least monthly – if he plays outside frequently and gets dirty.

Other grooming needs include dental hygiene and nail care. Brush your chow’s teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar and bacteria. Daily is better. Trim her nails as needed, maybe once or twice a month. If you can hear the nails clicking on the floor, they are too long. Short nails keep feet in good shape and prevent painful, bloody tears.

Start grooming the show while it’s a puppy to get used to it. Handle his paws frequently – dogs touch their feet – and look inside his mouth and ears.

Make grooming a positive experience full of praise and rewards, and you’ll lay the groundwork for easier vet exams and another handling when he’s an adult.

Chow Chow Dog Puppy:

FAQ’s About Chow Chow Dog Breed:

What is special about Chow Chow?

Chows are powerful, compactly built dogs that stand up to 20 inches tall at the shoulder. Their distinctive features include a lion’s mane ruff around the head and shoulders; a blue-black tongue; deep almond eyes that add to a brooding, snobbish expression; and a stiff-legged gait.

How expensive is a Chow Chow?

Between $1,000 to $4,000
The Chow Chow is one of the most expensive breeds out there. They usually cost between $1,000 to $4,000. This is because they are very large. Chow Chows require more food, space, and vet bills to breed properly, which adds to the cost of a puppy.

What is the cost of Chow Chow in India?

Chow Chow is an expensive dog breed. The average price of this medium-sized pup is INR 200000, and grooming starts around the same price – from around INR 10,000.

Is a black Chow Chow rare?

Black Chow Chow is quite common and is one of the colors that are approved by their official standard. Black may be allowed in single or full-color dogs. should never have black spots or be discolored. This is a very old breed and black color has been found in this breed for ages.

More Dog Breeds And Further Research:

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