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Catahoula Leopard: Dog Breed, Grooming, Care Full Info

The Catahoula Leopard Dog strain has a striking appearance and a strong work heritage. They’re tough canines, bred to work in wetlands and timbers, and they bear a leader who’s firm and harmonious, with time to keep them enthralled.

Although these are rare, thoroughbred tykes, you may find them in the care of deliverance groups or harbors. Flashback to borrowing! Don’t shop if you want to bring a canine home!

These pups are veritably tender with their humans, but they need lots of exercises. They’ll do stylish in a home with a big, fenced-in yard and educated pet parents. However, you’ll have a loving family member who can keep you on your toes, If you can meet their requirements.

See below for a complete list of dog breed traits and facts about Catahoula Leopard Dogs!

  • Origin: United States
  • Height: 22-24 inches
  • Weight: 50-95 pounds
  • Size: Medium to very large
  • Lifespan: 10 to 14 years
  • Colors: red, gold / yellow, black

Breed Characteristics

The Catahoula Leopard Dog is a multi-purpose working canine that’s well-muscled and important, but with a sense of dexterity and abidance. They’re serious while working and sporty at home.

The Catahoula Leopard Dog is a medium-large, short-coated canine, known for its numerous varied fleece and eye colors and patterns. The word is of Choctaw origin and is restated to mean” sacred lake.”

Catahoulas are the only strain of canine to have historically begun in the state of Louisiana. The strain requires firm guidance and early socialization, as they can be independent, territorial, and defensive.

For the same reasons, they don’t allow mistreatment and will assert themselves in tone defense. Once they know their place in the family unit, they’re tender, pious, and gentle.

Also called the Catahoula Hog Dog, they’re used as stock tykes, bay tykes, tree tykes, trolleys, guard tykes, and of course as pious companions.

Energy level: 5/5 PointFriendship for strangers: 2/5 Point
Exercise requirements: 5/5 PointVigilance: 4/5 Point
Playfulness: 3/5 PointEase of training: 3/5 Point
Affection level: 4/5 PointFitness requirements: 1/5 Point
Friendship for dogs: 2/5 PointHeat sensitivity: 3/5 Point
Friendly to other pets: 3/5 Pointvoice: 4/5 Point


The Catahoula’s history can be traced back to the 1500s. Spanish explorers in Florida and along the Gulf Coast began breeding the European mastiffs, bloodhounds, and greyhounds they’d brought to a wolf- suchlike canine that had been domesticated by the original Choctaws and other indigenous lines.

The Native Americans called these new composites” wolf tykes .” Centuries latterly, when the French settled around Catahoula lake in Northern Louisiana, they bred these cross-bred” wolf tykes ” with their own hounds. This strain came from the ultramodern Catahoula Leopard Dog, which was named Louisiana’s sanctioned state canine in 1979.

While both the settlers and indigenous people likewise appreciated this new strain’s utility in shadowing and stalking deer, bobcats, and feral swillers, it was their gift for hemming in and rounding up wild swillers and slapdash cattle that cemented their character as a working strain.

Unlike other herding types, Catahoulas developed a unique style of creating a” canine hedge” around the beast that allows the mortal tutor to direct the herd. When it comes to parentage, it’s their instinct, further than appearance or disposition, that makes a Catahoula.

Both the Louisiana Catahoula Cur Association and the National Association of Louisiana Catahoulas were formed in the late 1970s to track and register this strain and govern the strain standard.

England’s United Kennel Club was the first public canine club to fete this strain in 1996, classifying it as a herding strain. presently, the American Kennel Club( AKC) does not officially fete this strain, although it has been entered as a rare strain in AKC’s Foundation Stock Service.


Though physical characteristics are varied, Catahoulas are generally muscular tykes with blockish-shaped bodies. They tend to have a large head with drop cognizance and a strong, slightly phased nib. They tend to have thick muscular necks and long, twisted tails. They come in numerous colors and have medium/ short hair.

Catahoulas come in numerous different colors, including blue merle, red merle, brindle, and solid colors. frequently, solid fleece Catahoulas have small splashes of other colors similar to white on their face, legs, or casket. The leopard- the suchlike fleece of utmost Catahoulas is the result of the merle gene.

The merle gene doesn’t typically affect the entire fleece of the canine but dilutes the color only in areas that aimlessly present the specific gene. Deeper colors are preferred; generally, white fleeces are discouraged. Since Catahoula is a working canine, fleece color isn’t a primary consideration.

The Catahoula has a single smooth short or coarse medium fleece. The short looks nearly painted. ( citation demanded) The medium can have extended” oaring” on the hind legs, tail, and casket.

The strain may have any eye color or combination of colors including blue, brown, green, or amber.


Catahoulas are companion tykes, rather than family tykes, because they aren’t happy lounging around. They need to be in a setting where they can indulge in their natural inclinations of stalking and herding.

still, Catahoulas will do well in houses with large, fended yards or other places where they can get about an hour’s worth of emphatic exercise every day, If they do not be to live on an estate or in the forestland.

They also do well in dexterity, herding, and obedience competitions that help keep both their bodies and minds active and engaged. Their ideal pet parent is patient, confident, and suitable to offer their canine plenitude of exercise.

Catahoulas are bright tykes who pick up on instruction fairly snappily, as long as positive underpinning is used. And while they form deep bonds with their family, Catahoula leopard tykes have a naturally suspicious view towards nonnatives.

Unless they are mingled well during puppyhood, they will presumably sound off when someone new approaches.


The Catahoula Leopard Dog disposition is violent, serious, and concentrated when working out in the field, and defensive, sportful, and tender at home with their family. However, Catahoulas are not aggressive toward people, but they do tend to be cautious and frosty around nonnatives If duly mingled from puppyhood.

While they can be tutored to get along with other tykes of the contrary coitus, they may come aggressive with tykes of the same coitus. Their violent prey drive also makes them unsafe around pussycats and other small faves caution The Spruce faves. Their tendency to bark at nonnatives, combined with their strong defensive instincts, make them excellent trolls.

Catahoulas get on well with aged children who are suitable to treat them with gentleness and respect, especially if raised with them from the time they are puppies. But they should be nearly supervised around small children and babies.

This strain is best suited for families with aged children or teens who can share in training and take an establishment but gentle hand. It’s important for all members of the family to deal fairly with these tykes, who will not vacillate to defend themselves if they perceive they are being manhandled, says Dogtime.


Rating: 3 out of 5.

The Catahoula leopard is a fairly healthy strain. But, like all tykes, there are some health conditions precious parents need to stay watchful for.

hipsterism dysplasia is common in numerous canine types, and the Catahoula is no different. This is a condition where the canine’s hipster joint does not develop duly, leading to an unstable joint. It’s generally corrected with surgery.

Another concern is inheritable deafness. According to a study by Louisiana State University

  • Nearly 17 percent of Catahoula leopard tykes studied were unilaterally deaf( meaning the canine guests had hearing loss in one observance)
  • 22 percent were bilaterally deaf( hail loss affects both cognizance)
  • Over 38 percent were completely deaf

Catahoulas with generally white achromatism are the most likely to be affected.

Dental Health Checkup

The dental complaint is the most common habitual problem in faves, affecting 80 of all tykes by age two. And unfortunately, your Catahoula Leopard Dog is more likely than other tykes to have problems with her teeth.

You should brush this canine’s teeth at least twice a week, and this task is easier if you train the canine to accept it from the time he’s a puppy dog.


The Catahoula isn’t a dog that can be tied out in the yard and left on its own. They need fellowship and exercise and should be as familiar with the inside of your home as the yard.

Underground electronic walls aren’t suitable for this strain. A Catahoula will ignore the shock if they see another canine approaching their home, and the lack of a solid hedge means that other tykes can enter the yard, which can lead to a serious fight.

Anticipate giving them at least an hour of exercise daily. Engage their mind with training sessions or fun conditioning.

Begin training the day you bring your Catahoula puppy dog home. They’re intelligent and learn snappily, but they need a strong leader. For stylish results, be patient, firm, and harmonious to develop the strongest bond with your Catahoula. Let them know what you anticipate, and also let them go to work.

Always look for actions you can award rather than chastising them for contraventions. Harsh corrections can damage the canine’s tone- confidence and personality. Regular training practice and social commerce will help ensure that you live together happily. A wearied or lonely Catahoula is destructive in their attempts to entertain himself.

still, housetraining comes fluently to Catahoula, If you’re harmonious and follow a schedule. jalopy training assists in this process and prevents your Catahoula puppy dog from biting on effects they should not or else getting into trouble when you are not around to supervise.

A jalopy also gives them a safe haven where they can retreat when they are feeling overwhelmed or tired. noway use a jalopy as a place of discipline.

Leash training is also important, especially since your Catahoula will be a strong sculler. Good leash mores are essential to the state of your muscles, your own happiness, and your Catahoula’s safety. They have a strong prey drive, so no way to walk them off-leash in any place where they might encounter unknown tykes or other creatures.

Beforehand, frequent socialization is a must-have for this strain, especially if you want your Catahoula to be friendly toward or at least tolerate other creatures, especially other tykes.

Puppy dog socialization classes are a great launch, but socialization should not end there. Visit numerous different canine-friendly stores, premises, and events, and introduce them to as numerous people as possible, both in your home and in public

With proper training, thickness, and socialization, your Catahoula will be an awful family member who protects and loves you unconditionally.

Best Food For Of Catahoula Leopard


Recommended diurnal quantum33/8 to51/8 mugs of high-quality canine food daily, divided into two refections. To avoid gastric dilatation volvulus, also known as bloat, withhold food and water for at least an hour after vigorous exercise.

How important your adult canine eats depends on size, age, figure, metabolism, and exertion position. tykes are individualities, just like people, and they do not all need the same quantum of food. It nearly goes without saying that a largely active canine will need further than a settee potato canine.

The quality of canine food you buy also makes a difference the better the canine food, the further it’ll go toward nourishing your canine, and the lower it you will need to shake into your canine’s coliseum.

Keep your Catahoula in good shape by measuring their food and feeding them twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time. However, give them the eye test and the hands-on test, If you are doubtful about whether they are fat. First, look down at them.

You should be suitable to see a midriff. also place your hands on their back, thumbs along the chine, with the fritters spread over. You should be suitable to feel but not see their caricatures without having to press hard. However, they need lower food and further exercise, If they can’t.

For further on feeding your Catahoula, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy dog, and feeding your adult canine.


The Catahoula Leopard has minimum grooming conditions, with a short fleece. Weekly brushing is sufficient outside of the regular slipping season that occurs in early spring. Using a canine encounter with stiff bristles followed up by polishing with a fixing mitt will keep your canine’s fleece looking perfect.

Catahoulas aren’t as susceptible to skin problems as some other types but may witness antipathetic dermatitis due to flea mouthfuls or other stimulants. Because Catahoula Dogs exfoliate veritably little, their fleeces are largely hassle-free.


Start training and socialization from as youthful of an age as possible. Catahoulas tend to be independent and territorial, and this can affect bad habits forming if you don’t guide your canine. Use positive training styles, and aim to keep training sessions fun. But always be harmonious in your commands, so your canine knows it can’t get down with bad geste.

also, expose your Catahoula to different people, other tykes, and colorful locales from an early age to boost its comfort and confidence. Having positive experience


Catahoula leopard tykes need both ample exercise and internal stimulation to be happy and well-conducted at home. They are prone to getting destructive if they do not get their energy out in a formative manner. Aim for at least two hours a day of exertion via walks, running, cycling, swimming, hiking, and vigorous playtime.

Canine sports, similar to dexterity and rally, also are ideal to challenge a Catahoula both mentally and physically. And mystification toys can keep your canine busy when you need a break.

Adoption Center Of Catahoula Leopard

Other Dog Breed And Further Research


Catahoula Leopard Puppy Dog Price

The average price of a Catahoula Leopard puppy is $300 – $500 USD.

Is a Catahoula Leopard Dog a good family pet?

The Catahoula Leopard Dog is veritably loving with family but may be cautious with nonnatives if it’s not mingled beforehand on. Catahoulas are defensive of the family and make excellent watch tykes. This strain isn’t aggressive; still, analogous to other herding types, it’s a natural leader.

What 2 breeds make a Catahoula?

They bred Mastiffs, Bloodhounds, and Greyhounds that had been brought there by Spanish explorers with the tykes of original Native Americans, who called the performing strain “ wolf tykes. ” When French explorers arrived, they bred these wolf tykes with their own types, conceivably including the Beauceron, to produce the strain known

Are Catahoula leopard dogs rare?

Catahoula Leopard Dogs are fairly rare. They can fluently be set up in the Louisiana and Gulf Coast areas but are much more delicate to come across in another corridor of the United States. Outside of theU.S., this strain is nearly insolvable to find.

What’s a Catahoula Leopard Dog good for?

Also called the Catahoula Hog Dog, they’re used as stock tykes, bay tykes, tree tykes, trolleys, guard tykes, and of course as pious companions.

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