Introduction to the Belgian Malinois: A Comprehensive Guide

Smart, confident, and versatile, the Belgian Malinois is a world-class worker who forms an unbreakable bond with his human partner. To deny goods the activity and enjoyment of your company are to deprive it of its reasons for being. The Belgian Malinois is squarely built, and proud and stands 22 to 26 inches.

Strong and well-muscled, but more elegant than massive, they have an honest, no-frills look about them, like beefy dogs built to work hard for their food. The hallmark of a race is the proud carriage of the head. Coat colors range from rich almond to mahogany.

Black ears and a mask emphasize bright, questioning eyes the color of dark Belgian chocolate. If you’ve ever seen a Maal perform an obedience routine, you know firsthand what a smart and curious breed this is. However, problems arise when this people-oriented dog is unemployed and neglected. Exercise, and plenty of it, preferably with their beloved owner, is the key to happiness.

The Best Advice You Could Ever Get About Belgian Malinois Size Chart:

HEIGHT: 22 to 24 inches (female), 24 to 26 inches (male)
WEIGHT: 40 to 60 pounds (female), 60 to 80 pounds (male)
GROUP: Herding
ORIGIN: Belgium
COAT: Short, smooth double coat
COAT COLOR: Fawn, mahogany, red, red sable, or fawn sable with a black mask
LIFE SPAN: 14 to 16 years
TEMPERAMENT: Intelligent, active, loyal

The History & Heritage of the Belgian Malinois:

The Belgian Malinois is one of four breeds of Belgian sheepdogs, developed in Belgium in the late 1800s. The four varieties are the Malinois (fawn-mahogany, short coat with black mask), Tervuren (fawn-mahogany, long coat with black mask), Lacanois (fawn, rough coat), and Greendale (black, long coat). The ( ) recognizes all but the Lacanois as separate breeds in the US, while the United Kennel Club recognizes all four types as one.


The Club du Chien de Berger Belge (Belgian Shepherd Dog Club) was formed in September 1891 to determine which of the various dog breeds were representative of the shepherd dogs developed exclusively in Belgium. In November of that year, breeders and fanciers met outside Brussels to examine the sheepdogs of the area.

After much deliberation, veterinary professor Adolphe Reul and a panel of judges concluded that the original sheepdogs of that province were square, medium-sized dogs with triangular ears and very dark brown eyes, differing only in conformation, color, and color. Hair length. Subsequent examinations of dogs in other Belgian provinces resulted in similar findings.

Recognition of Varieties:

In 1892, Professor Reul wrote the first Belgian Shepherd Dog Standard, which recognized three varieties: long-coated dogs, short-coated dogs, and rough-coated dogs. The Club du Chien de Berger Belge asked the Société Royale Saint-Hubert (Belgium’s equivalent of the AKC) for breed status,
But he was rejected. However, by 1901, the Belgian Shepherd Dog was finally recognized as a breed.

Today’s Malinois can be traced back to a breeding pair owned by a shepherd from Laeken named Adrian Jensens. In 1885, he bought a pale, shaggy-haired dog named Vos I or Vos de Laken from a cattle dealer in northern Belgium. The Janssens used Vos I (meaning fox in Flemish) to herd their flocks and also bred a short-haired, brindle-brown dog named Lise.

After that mating, Voss I was bred to his daughters, establishing a line of very homogeneous dogs with gray rough-haired and short-haired, and rough-haired and short-haired. Today, Vos I and Lise de Laeken are recognized as the ancestors of not only the modern Belgian Shepherd Dogs but also the Bouvier des Flandres and Dutch Shepherd Dogs.

Breeders decided to give each of the different varieties of Belgian Shepherd Dogs their own names. In 1898 a club was formed in the city of Malines to promote the Shorthair Belgian Shepherd dog. Louis Hügebert, an early breeder under the “Ter Heide” kennel name, as well as judge, author, and “Godfather of the Malinois” (and Bouvier), did much to help popularize this shorthair with the Malinois Club, hence the name “Malinois”. was associated with short hair.

Malins Club:

In 1897, a year before the Malins Club was formed, Hugebaert suggested that since there were not many sheep left in Belgium, shepherd dogs should be given field trials showing their intelligence, obedience, and loyalty. From this recommendation, a dressage trial was developed for shepherd dogs that tested the dog’s ability to jump and perform other exercises.

The first dressage trial was held on July 12, 1903, in Malinis, M. Won by van Opdebeek and her Malinois, Cora van Optewel.

Belgian Shepherds were also used as guard dogs and draft dogs. They were the first dogs used by the Belgian police. Before World War II, international police dog trials became very popular in Europe, and Belgian dogs won a number of prizes in trials.

When World War I broke out, many Belgian Shepherd Dogs were used by the army for a number of jobs, including messenger dogs, Red Cross dogs, ambulance cart dogs, and, according to some, light machine-gun cart dogs.

Malinois Kennels:

During the 1920s and 1930s, several excellent Malinois kennels were started in Belgium. During the first decades of the 20th century, the most popular breeds of Belgian shepherd dogs exported to other countries were the Malinois and the Groningen. At the time, many were exported to the Netherlands, France, Switzerland, Canada, the United States, Argentina, and Brazil.

In 1911, two Groenendaels and two Malinois were registered as “German Sheepdogs” by the AKC. In 1913, the AKC changed the name to “Belgian Sheepdogs”. The first dogs were imported by the Joss Hansons of Norwalk, Connecticut. He sold two Malinois to L.I. De Winter of Gutenberg, New Jersey. De Winter produced several litters of Malinois under his Winter view Kennel name.

After World War I, many American soldiers brought back Malinois and other Belgian shepherd dogs from Europe, and AKC registrations grew rapidly. The first Belgian Sheepdog Club of America was formed in 1924 and became a member club of the AKC shortly thereafter. In 1924 and 1925, Walter Mucklow, a lawyer in Jacksonville, Florida, popularized the Malinois.

The Characteristics of the Belgian Malinois:

Adaptability: 5 PointsDog Friendly: 2 PointsEnergy Level: 5 Points
Trainability: 5 PointsExercise Needs: 5 PointsAffectionate: 4 Points
Grooming: 1 PointTerritorial: 5 PointsWatchdog Instincts: 5 Points
Apartment Friendly: 2 PointsBarking Tendencies: 5 PointsCat Friendly: 2 Points
Child Friendly: 3 PointsHealth Issues: 3 PointsIntelligence: 5 Points
Shedding Level: 4 PointsSocial Needs: 4 PointsStranger Friendly: 2 Points

The appearance of the Belgian Malinois:

The Belgian Malinois is a large herding dog. Bred to work, Malas are packed with powerful muscles, yet have an elegant appearance to their bodies. They are tall – up to 2 feet at the shoulder! — and always warns with quivering ears; kind, dark chocolate eyes; And a little bushy tail. The mullet has a thick, short coat ranging from mahogany to shades of mahogany, and it usually features a black mask and ears.

At a glance, Mal is often mistaken for a German Shepherd. Although they look similar – and both are beloved by police and military around the world – these dogs are unrelated, unique breeds.

Belgian Malinois weigh between 40-80 pounds, and males are usually larger than average-sized female dogs.

The Malinois’ waterproof coat is easy to maintain. Weekly brushing will get rid of its dead hair coat and distribute healthy oils, leaving your mane looking shiny. This breed sheds its coat twice a year, and you’ll want to continue brushing at least once a day during this period, or risk covering your home with dog hair.

Thanks to their slicking coats, Belgian Malinois can go a little longer between baths, and, unless they’re curled up in something smelly, they don’t need a full bath more than a few times a year.

The Belgian Malinois Temperament: What to Expect?

Belgian Shepherds are known to be highly intelligent, alert, and sensitive; They are generally highly trained, alert, and hardworking with strong protective instincts that protect property and family and are well suited for service with security services.

The Groenendael and Tervueren breeds have a reputation for being occasionally skittish, making them less suitable as companion dogs for children; Lacanois, while considered very good with children, can occasionally be troublesome to other dogs.

Belgian Shepherds respond well to training and respond very well to rigorous and understanding training; They require training from an early age, especially Lacanois who may try to dominate weak-willed masters. This breed is very active,
Malinois in particular may reflect its continued breeding for security roles, and they all require exercise; The breed adapts well to living indoors, although the Malinois is the least suited to this environment.

Exploring the Intelligent Personality of the Belgian Malinois:

This is an excellent working dog that is confident and protective in any situation. They are affectionate with family members but reserved towards strangers until they measure up. The watchdog abilities of the Malinois are excellent.
They need only as much force as they protect their people and property. Shyness and aggression are never appropriate in this breed.

He said that nature does not just happen. It is influenced by a number of factors including genetics, training, and socialization. Good-natured puppies are curious and playful, ready to approach and be with people.

Meeting the dog’s parents, siblings or other relatives can also prove helpful in assessing what the puppy will be like when they grow up.

Like all dogs, Malinois needs early socialization – too many different people, places, sounds, and experiences–when they are young. Socialization helps ensure that your Malinois puppy becomes a well-rounded dog.

Enrolling them in puppy kindergarten classes is a great start. Regularly inviting visitors and taking your pup to busy parks, stores that allow dogs, and leisurely strolls to meet neighbors will also help polish their social skills.

Health Concerns of the Belgian Malinois:

All purebred dogs have genetic support, just as humans have all abilities in a certain inheritance. Run away from any breeder who doesn’t tell you the age of the female for the puppies, who you don’t place 100 percent on the female, or who tells you that their puppies are different from the main part of the breed.

A reputable breeder and breeder has opened up about the protests and events that took place in his line. Surveillance safeguards in the Belgian Malinois include hip and elbow dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, motia, pannus, and epilepsy.

The American Belgian Malinois Club, the parent organization of the American Kennel Club for the United States, participates in the Canine Health Information Program. In order for a Belgian Malinois to accept chic certification, it will need to have OFA or PennHIP certification for hips, OFA clearance for angles, and the Canine Eye Registry Foundation to see you.

Breeders must agree to receive all test results — Cavrus — published in the CHIC database. You can check the breeder’s website to see if the breeder has these certificates.

Breeder documents state that do not buy a puppy and that you can not order articles that the female was free of effective protection. A “wet check” personality is not an alternative to genetic testing.

Remember that after you’ve brought a new kitten to your people, you have one of the greatest strengths in showing him the most common crookedness: stability. Keeping a Malinois at the right weight is the easiest way to prolong its life. Gain your resilience to ensure a good dog for life.

Expert Advice on Belgian Malinois Care and Maintenance:

Belgian Malinois can do well in small quarters if they get enough exercise. They prefer cool climates but adapt well to hot climates. They should always be included as part of the family and stay indoors.

If possible, provide your Malinois with some off-leash exercise in a fenced area in addition to long walks or jogs. Malinois need about 20 minutes of activity three or four times a day, and a leisurely walk will not satisfy them. They are made for action.

If you like to hike or jog, your Belgian Malinois will be happy to be by your side. Consider training them to compete in obedience or agility. It doesn’t matter what you do as long as you keep them active. Don’t be surprised if they run in big circles in your yard; It is a remnant of their pastoral heritage.

Exercising with Your Belgian Malinois Puppy for Fun & Fitness:

Puppies have different exercise needs. From nine weeks to four months of age, puppy kindergarten once or twice a week is a great way for them to get exercise, training, and socialization, plus 15 to 20 minutes of playtime in the yard, in the mornings, and evenings. Throw a ball to bring them.

From four to six months of age, weekly obedience classes, daily half-mile walks, and playtime in the yard will meet their needs. From six months to a year, catch up with a ball or Frisbee for 40 minutes during cool mornings or evenings, not in the heat of the day. Continue to limit walking to half a mile.

After they turn one year old, your Malinois puppy can start jogging with you, but keep the distance to less than a mile and give them frequent breaks along the way. Avoid hard surfaces like asphalt and concrete. As they continue to mature, you can increase the distance and time you run. This graduated level of exercise will protect their developing bones and joints.

Malinois are sensitive and highly trainable. Be firm, calm, and consistent with them. Anger and physical force are hostile.

Exercise for the Belgian Malinois:

A Belgian Malinois needs vigorous daily exercise and mental stimulation. Otherwise, he may become restless or develop behavioral problems. Aim for at least one to two hours of exercise each day, including brisk walking, running, hiking, and playing. This breed is also an excellent candidate for dog sports or any activity that involves attention and endurance to challenge it mentally and physically.

Be aware that the Belgian Malinois’ herding instincts can lead to a tendency to chase cars, bikes, and other moving objects. So it should be leashed or kept in a securely fenced area.

Grooming and Hygiene for the Belgian Malinois:

The Belgian Malinois has a short, straight, weather-resistant coat with a dense undercoat. Generally, little more than basic grooming is required. Plan to brush at least weekly to remove loose fur and prevent mats. Shedding often increases as the weather changes in spring and fall, requiring more regular brushing.

Check if your dog needs a nail trim about once a month. Some dogs can go longer between nail peels if they naturally wear their nails through activity, such as walking on sidewalks. Also, aim to brush his teeth daily.

Training Tips for the Belgian Malinois:

In general, this breed is highly trained, intelligent, and eager to please. He responds well to positive reinforcement and constant instruction.

Training and socialization of Belgian Malinois should begin early in puppyhood. Enroll in puppy obedience classes as soon as your dog meets the age requirement and expose your dog to different people, other animals, and situations. Belgian Malinois don’t always get along with other dogs, but positive exposure to other dogs from an early age can help.

Likewise, this breed is not always suitable for families with children. His high herding instincts may cause him to try to snap at the heels of children. Even if you don’t have children, it’s important to train your dog to behave well around children, so you can always handle situations safely.

Diet and Nutrition for the Belgian Malinois:

Always make sure your dog has access to fresh water. Feed a high-quality, nutritionally balanced canine diet; Most owners feed two meals per day. Discuss the variety and amount with your veterinarian, as this can vary based on age, size, activity level, and other factors. And be sure to factor treats into your dog’s daily caloric intake to prevent overeating.

Adopt OR Buy Belgian Malinois From Rescue Center:

ABMC Belgian Malinois Rescue

Get to Know the Belgian Malinois – 10 Facts in a Video:

More Dog Breed And Further Research:

FAQs About Belgian Malinois Dog Breed:

What is the difference between a German Shepherd and a Belgian Malinois?

The Belgian Malinois may look similar to the German Shepherd at first glance. But the breed has a different head shape, and the Belgian Malinois is thinner and has shorter fur than the German Shepherd.

What Is The Price Of Belgian Malinois In India?

Belgian Malinois’s price in India ranges from INR 70,000 to INR 1,00,000. A pure KCI-registered Belgian Malinois breed will be found in this price range.

Are Belgian Malinois Good Family Dogs?

The Belgian Malinois can be a very intense dog with a strong prey drive and a tendency to chase. Thus, he often does not work well around disaffected children and can be nippy.

Is the Belgian Malinois aggressive?

Belgian Malinois are generally not aggressive when they are well trained and socialized from an early age. However, they can have a protective streak and are somewhat reserved around strangers.

2 thoughts on “Introduction to the Belgian Malinois: A Comprehensive Guide

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *