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All About the American Eskimo Dog: History and Characteristics

The American Eskimo Dog is a breed of companion dog that originated in Germany. The American Eskimo Dog is a member of the Spitz family. It is considered an ancient dog breed due to its recent mixing with wolves.

The ancestor of the breed was the German Spitz, but due to anti-German sentiment during World War I, it was renamed “American Eskimo Dog”. Although modern American Eskimo dogs have been exported as German Spitz Gross, the breeds have diverged and the standards vary greatly.

In addition to serving as a watchdog and companion, the American Eskimo dog achieved a high level of popularity in the United States as a circus performer in the 1930s and 1940s.

There are three size varieties of the American Eskimo dog breed, Toy, Miniature, and Standard. They share a close resemblance with the Japanese Spitz, Danish Spitz, Volpino Italiano, German Spitz, Indian Spitz, and Samoyeds.

Visual Status:

Dog Breed Group:
Companion Dogs
15 to 19 inches tall at the shoulder
Starts at 30 pounds
Life Span:
12 to 15 years

American Eskimo dog Size

The American Eskimo Dog comes in three sizes: Toy, Miniature, and Standard. The toys measure 9 to 12 inches and weigh about 10 pounds.

Miniatures stand 12 to 15 inches tall and weigh about 20 pounds. Standards stand 15 inches by 19 inches and weigh about 30 pounds.

Breed Characteristics (Ratings In Point)

Adaptability: 5 PointsDog Friendly: 4 PointsShedding Level: 5 Points
Affection Level: 5 PointsExercise Needs: 4 PointsSocial Needs: 4 Points
Apartment Friendly: 3 PointsGrooming: 4 PointsStranger Friendly: 2 Points
Barking Tendencies: 5 PointsHealth Issues: 3 PointsTerritorial: 5 Points
Cat Friendly: 3 PointsIntelligence: 5 PointsTrainability: 5 Points
Child Friendly: 2 PointsPlayfulness: 4 PointsWatchdog Ability: 5 Points

American Eskimo dog Breed History

The American Eskimo dog is a member of the Spitz family. Spitz dogs are Nordic dogs with a fox-like faces, profuse coats, tails on the back, and small, prickly ears. There is a great diversity of Nordic breeds in size, from the small Pomeranian to the large Samoyed.

The true origins of the American Eskimo dog are unknown. What is known is that in the United States, small, white Spitz-type dogs were commonly found in German immigrant communities.

These dogs were descendants of the white German Spitz, white Keeshonden, or large white Pomeranian who came to America with their German families. They became known collectively as the American Spitz Dogs.

The American Eskimo Dog was a popular entertainer in many circuses that traveled across the United States during the 19th century. With his brilliant white coat and amazing ability to juggle, the Eskie was a favorite showman. This widespread attention helped popularize the breed.

In 1917, the American Spitz has renamed the American Eskimo Dog, although today no one knows why. The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was established in 1985, and in 1995, the American Kennel Club recognized the breed in the Non-Sporting Group.

Temperament and Personality

The Eskie is smart, friendly, and a good communicator. His alert nature makes him an excellent watchdog, but be careful! He is very outspoken. Train him from a very early age that excessive barking is not allowed.

An American Eskimo will tell you through glances and barks what it wants. One look at the cookie jar, then one look at you and one look at the jar sends a very clear message. Fascinated by her black eyes and smiling face, you will find yourself giving her a treat without even thinking about it.

Eskie gets on with everyone he meets, but he isn’t always patient with tight squeezes from kids. Closely supervise interactions with young children, and teach them how to gently pet an Eskie. An American Eskimo should never be shy or aggressive. If a puppy or its parents are not available, don’t say thank you.

Begin training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even at eight weeks old, he is able to soak up everything you can teach him. Don’t wait until they are 6 months old to start training or you will have a more stubborn dog to deal with.

American Eskimo Dog Breed Image

If possible, take him to a puppy kindergarten class, and socialize, socialize, socialize until he is 10 to 12 weeks old.

However, be aware that many puppy training classes require some vaccines to be up-to-date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and in public places until puppy vaccines. In lieu of formal training, you can start home-training your puppy and socialize him with family and friends until the puppy’s vaccinations are complete.

Talk to the breeder, describe what you are looking for in a dog, and ask for help choosing a puppy. Breeders see puppies daily and can make very accurate recommendations after knowing a bit about their lifestyle and personality.

Whatever you want from an Eskie, look for one who has parents with good personalities and who has been well socialized from early puppyhood.

American Eskimo Dog Health

All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems, just as all people have the potential to acquire a particular disease.

Do not run, or walk to a breeder who does not offer a health guarantee on puppies, who tells you the breed is 100 percent healthy and has no known problems, or who tells you that its puppies are separated from the main body There are households for health reasons.

A reputable breeder will be honest and open about health problems in the breed and the incidence with which they occur in his or her lines.

American Eskimos are a generally healthy breed. The problems that have been observed are allergies affecting the skin and pyruvate kinase deficiency, which can lead to chronic anemia.

Puppy conditions

Not all of these conditions can be detected in a growing puppy, and it is impossible to predict whether an animal will be free of these deformities, which is why you should find a reputable breeder who is committed to breeding the healthiest animals possible. Is.

They should be able to present independent certification that the dog’s parents have been screened for common defects and are considered healthy to breed. That’s where health registries come in.

To help the breed maintain its good health, the American Eskimo Dog Club of America, which is the American Kennel Club parent organization for the breed in the United States, participates in the Canine Health Information Center program.


For an Eskie to receive CHIC certification, he must have an OFA hip clearance, an OFA DNA test for progressive retinal atrophy, and an eye clearance from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation.

Tests that are recommended, but not required, are OFA clearances for the heart, elbows, knees, and thyroid, as well as an evaluation for Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.

Breeders must agree that all test results, positive or negative, published in the CHIC database. A dog does not need to have good or even passing marks on the assessment to receive a CHIC number, so CHIC registration alone is not evidence of wellness or absence of disease, but all test results are posted on the CHIC website. pets and can be accessed by anyone who wants to check the health of a puppy’s parents.


Don’t fall for the lies of an unscrupulous breeder. If the breeder tells you that he doesn’t need to have those tests done because he’s never had problems with his lines, have his dogs “vet checked,” or for some other pretext that bad breeders have taken their dogs. Dogs have skimped on genetic testing. , leave at once.

Careful breeders check their breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breed only the healthiest and best-looking specimens, but sometimes Mother Nature has other ideas and a puppy may be exposed to these diseases despite good breeding practices.

develops one. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that dogs can still live a good life in most cases. If you are getting a puppy, ask the breeder about the ages of the dogs in his lines and their deaths.

Remember that when you bring a new puppy into your home, you have the power to protect him from one of the most common health problems: obesity.

Keeping an American Eskimo at an appropriate weight is one of the easiest ways to extend his life. Make the most of your preventative abilities to help ensure a healthy dog ​​for life.

American Eskimo dog Care

Although he does well almost anywhere, it is no surprise that the American Eskimo Dog loves cold climates. One of the joys of owning an Eskie is watching him play in the snow, which most Eskies love and will play for hours. Many people also enjoy water play.

The Eskie does well in a variety of homes, from apartments to large homes with yards – as long as he is an indoor dog. This breed is not suitable for life in the backyard. He is happiest when he is with his family.

American Eskimo dogs need a lot of exercise. They are really big dogs in small packages, and they can become destructive if they are not given regular exercise.

They do well in busy homes because their energy helps them get along with everyone.

Separation anxiety can be a cause of concern for both the Eskie and the owner. The best way to deal with this problem is to avoid it altogether. Don’t leave the dog alone for long periods of time and when you do leave it, put it in a crate with lots of sturdy toys to keep it occupied.

American Eskimo dog Coat Color And Grooming

The white, fluffy American Eskimo dog has a double coat with a dense undercoat and a long outer coat. Hair is straight without curls or waves.

He has a clear ruff in his throat. Its front and back legs are well feathered, and the fur on its tail is very high. He is often pure white, or white and cream.

Eskies shed a lot, and they need frequent brushing to cut down on the amount of fur left around the home and to prevent matting. Thorough brushing two or three times a week is recommended.

Despite its light color, the Eskie is surprisingly easy to keep clean. Eskie fur contains oil, which prevents dirt from sticking to it. When an Eskie gets dirty, the mess is usually cleaned up by the time the fur is dry.

Eskies should only be bathed once every two months, depending on how dirty they are. Frequent bathing can lead to skin problems, as it makes the Eskie’s skin dry and irritated. Eskies rarely have a doggy odor unless they are very dirty.

Their ears should be checked once a week for dirt, redness, or a bad odor that could indicate infection then wiped weekly with a cotton ball moistened with a gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner. Their toenails need trimming at least once a month.

American Eskimo dog Feeding

Recommended Daily Amount: 1/2 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food, divided into two meals.

Note: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don’t all need the same amount of food. It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog.

The quality of the dog food you buy makes a difference too – the better the dog food, the more it will go toward nourishing your dog, and the less you will need to stir in your dog’s bowl.

For more information on feeding your Eskie, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog.

Other Breed For Further Research

Living With

American Eskimo dogs need to interact with their owners. They tolerate other dogs and domestic cats well if raised with them. As with most breeds, especially the Nordic breeds, other pets, such as rodents, birds, and reptiles, should be kept away from the Eskie.

Eskies make excellent watchdogs and are suspicious of strangers, but their size doesn’t make for a good deterrent. Some Eskies can bark excessively if not trained properly.

The Eskie has a thick coat to withstand the harsh winters. But because they love being with their family, they should not be made an exclusively outdoor dogs.

Eskies are ideal for people who want a small to the medium-sized active dog that doesn’t require a large yard and can be satisfied with a game of walking and fetch. Eskies don’t do well if left alone for long periods of time. An Eskie usually lives for 10 to 15 years.

Adopt Or Buy An American Eskimo dog & Rescue Group

American Eskimo dog Breed Highlights

  • Eskies are happy, active, intelligent dogs. They thrive on activity. Plan to engage your Eskie with training classes, games, romps at the dog park, or hiking. A busy Eskie is unlikely to become bored – a situation you want to avoid with this breed, as boredom leads to excessive barking, inappropriate chewing, and other annoying behaviors.
  • The Eskie needs to be with his family, so don’t plan on leaving him alone for long periods of time at once, or he could develop separation anxiety.
  • If you are a confident leader, you will enjoy life with an Eskie. If you’re not, you have an Eskey leading you.
  • Don’t rely on a well-trained and well-socialized Eskie even with smaller pets such as birds, hamsters, and gerbils. Chances are, he will succumb to his instincts and follow.
  • To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store.

American Eskimo Dog Breed Review

American Eskimo Dog FAQs

Are American Eskimo dogs good pets?

American Eskimo Dog

High-spirited and happy-go-lucky, American Eskimo dogs make great companion pets because of their good manners and friendly dispositions. They are loyal to their humans and have a gentle temperament, so they make excellent family dogs and do well around children.

How much is an American Eskimo puppy?

The Eskie is not a very popular dog in the United States. However, it is coming to the fore quite fast. As a result, a healthy puppy from a good breeder will set you back anywhere between $600 and $800.

What is the difference between American Eskimo and Samoyed?

The main difference in the physical appearance of these two dogs lies in the thickness of their coat. For example, Samoyeds have an extremely thick double coat, which is built to work in colder environments, while American Eskimo dogs have a single-layer fluffy coat.

Do Eskimo dogs bite?

American Eskimo puppies are similar to other breeds in that they are flamboyant, precocious, and love to bite things. Biting in puppies is an instinct that should be redirected rather than punished.

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